Japanese Shukko Technique

Only available on StudyMode
  • Download(s) : 229
  • Published : November 30, 2011
Open Document
Text Preview
WISSENSCHAFTSZENTRUM BERLIN FÜR SOZIALFORSCHUNG

discussion papers

SOCIAL SCIENCE RESEARCH CENTER BERLIN

FS IV 98 - 5 Shukko in Japanese Companies and Its Economic and Managerial Effects

Shiho Futagami* Tomoki Waragai** Thomas Westphal***

* Yokohama National University ** Waseda University *** Wissenschaftszentrum Berlin für Sozialforschung

June 1998

ISSN Nr. 0722 - 6748

Forschungsschwerpunkt Marktprozeß und Unternehmensentwicklung Research Area Market Processes and Corporate Development

Zitierweise/Citation: Shiho Futagami, Tomoki Waragai, Thomas Westphal, Shukko in Japanese Companies and Its Economic and Managerial Effects, Discussion Paper FS IV 98 - 5, Wissenschaftszentrum Berlin, 1998. Wissenschaftszentrum Berlin für Sozialforschung gGmbH, Reichpietschufer 50, D-10785 Berlin, Tel. (+49 - 30) 2 54 91 - 0

ABSTRACT Shukko in Japanese Companies and Its Economic and Managerial Effects by Shiho Futagami, Tomoki Waragai, Thomas Westphal Japanese-style management is characterized by the traditional practice of so-called lifetime employment. Shukko plays an important role in supporting and supplementing Japanese long-term employment. Shukko involves the transfer of parent company employees to an affiliated company or a non-affiliated company. In Japan’s current prolonged recession, Japanese companies are forced to transfer employees to affiliated companies and non-affiliated companies in order to cut personnel expenses. So Shukko has negative implications. However, Shukko also has positive aspects. Japanese companies have strategies to educate and train employees and to enable them to acquire know-how through Shukko in affiliated companies and non-affiliated companies. This allows Japanese companies to adapt their capabilities in a flexible way to a changing environment.

ZUSAMMENFASSUNG Die ökonomischen und managementbezogenen Wirkungen von Shukko in japanischen Unternehmen Eine Besonderheit japanischen Managements ist die Praxis der lebenslangen Beschäftigung. Shukko spielt in diesem Zusammenhang eine wichtige Rolle, nämlich dieses Konzept der lebenslangen Beschäftigung zu unterstützen und zu ergänzen. Der Begriff Shukko bedeutet, daß ein Unternehmen Angestellte zu Unternehmen entsendet, mit denen Beteiligungsverhältnisse bestehen, aber auch zu unverbundenen Unternehmen. Unter den gegenwärtigen Umständen einer verhältnismäßig lange andauernden Rezession in Japan sind Unternehmen dazu gezwungen, Angestellte zu anderen Unternehmen zu entsenden, um Personalaufwendungen einzusparen. In diesem Sinne besitzt der Begriff Shukko einen negativen Bedeutungsinhalt. Shukko hat jedoch auch positive Aspekte. Japanische Unternehmen nutzen Shukko nämlich im Rahmen ihrer Firmenstrategien zur Ausbildung, zum Training und zum Know-how Erwerb ihrer Angestellten in verbundenen und unverbundenen Unternehmen, so daß japanische Unternehmen ihre Fähigkeiten in flexibler Weise an eine sich verändernde Umwelt anpassen können.

1

Shukko in Japanese Companies and Its Economic and Managerial Effects*

1. Introduction
The traditional practice of so-called lifetime employment is often seen as one of the main characteristics of Japanese-style management. But lifetime employment is not always equivalent to an employment pattern where new graduates start at a company on the first of April, obtain education and training and reach retirement age within the same company, as described by Urabe1. There are also many cases in which companies hire employees and where university graduates drop out of the company during the year. Nevertheless, for Japanese companies long-term employment is more common than for their foreign counterparts, although the term of lifetime employment is exaggerated.

Research of the Institute of Labor Administration in 1995 shows the employment situation of new graduates in figure 1. Although traditional employment practices are slightly changing, the rate of fixation2 is still very high. It is...
tracking img