Japanese Occupation

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Throughout much of World War II, British Malaya, North Borneo and Sarawak were under Japanese occupation. The Japanese Empire commenced the Pacific War with the invasion of Kota Bahru in Kelantan on 8 December 1941 at 00:25,[1] about 90 minutes before the Attack on Pearl Harbor in Hawaii at 07:48 on 7 December Hawaii time, or 01:48 on 8 December Malayan time. They then invaded the island of Borneo in mid December 1941, landing on the west coast near Miri in Sarawak;[2] invasion was completed by 23 January 1942 when they landed at Balikpapan in Dutch Borneo on the east coast.[3] During the occupation an estimated 100,000 people were killed. Malaya

Japanese-occupied Malaya
Malai Baru
Military occupation by the Empire of Japan

Imperial Japanese Army war flag

Japanese troops cleaning up the streets of Kuala Lumpur after it fell on 11 Jan 1942. CapitalKuala Lumpur (de facto)
GovernmentMilitary occupation
Historical eraWorld War II
- Pacific War begins8 December 1941a
- Japanese troops land on Kota Bharu
8 December 1941
- British troops retreats to Singapore31 January 1942
- Surrender of Japan15 August 1945
- British Military Administration set up
12 September 1945
- Formation of Malayan Union
1 April 1946
CurrencyJapanese-issued Malayan dollar ("Banana money")
Preceded bySucceeded by
Federated Malay States
Straits Settlements
British Military Administration (Malaya)
Today part of Malaysia
a.The Pacific War started on 8 December 1941 in Asian timezones, but is often referred to as starting on 7 December, as that was the date in European and American timezones (such as for the attack on Pearl Harbor in the United States' Territory of Hawaii). [edit]Invasion timeline

Main article: Malayan Campaign
[edit]8–18 December 1941

HMS Prince of Wales sinking after being hit by Japanese bombs and torpedoes on 10 December 1941. The Imperial Japanese Army...
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