While Canadian soldiers fought overseas in the name of democracy, the federal government was supporting the re-location of peaceful Japanese Canadians at home. During the Second World War, roughly 22,000 Japanese Canadians were forcibly and unfairly evacuated from the west coast and resettled in other parts of the country. Their struggle continued after the war as they fought for an apology and redress for their loss.
While war being declared on Japan was a main reason for evacuating Japanese Canadians from the British Columbia (BC) coast, there were underlying reasons as to why the government took part in the re-location process. Unfortunately their actions only contributed to Canada's poor development of ethnic relations and immigration policies.
Using the exemplary case of the treatment of Japanese Canadians in British Columbia from the 1900s onward, I will provide a historical and sociological analysis of the event to demonstrate Canada's poor history of ethnic relations and immigration. In the first part, I will focus on the historical analysis of the policies (particularly in BC) that greatly influenced the welfare of the Japanese Canadian population. The second part will be a sociological analysis of the experiences and effects on the Japanese Canadian population. The last part will be an examination into the present policies of the Canadian government, and of the Japanese Canadians’ healing process. The experience of the Japanese Canadians is remarkable and unique to Canadian history. Although this historical event has been buried in the past and is no longer the main subject of public attention, it can still provide us some clues for developing future policies, laws, and a better understanding of Canadian multiculturalism.
PART I: HISTORICAL ANALYSIS OF POLICIES
Economic conditions, immigration policies and regulations in the 1900s – 1920s
Although Asia was not the Federal government’s target of Canadian immigration,... [continues]
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