Japan’s Goal for World War II: China
If Japan can take China and control it, they’ll have all the resources they’ll need for the next 100 years. China is so big, and it’s so hard for Japan to control, that it takes way too many resources for Japan to actually control China. 1937: Japanese Invasion of China
1931: Pearl Harbor
Japan’s Vicious Cycle:
Japan invades China. In order to keep fighting in China, Japan needs more resources (food, ammunition, fuel, and parts). Japan invades northern French Indochina for resources. This is a French colony. U.S. institutes an embargo on military parts (which means America won’t sell them parts). This says to the Japanese that the U.S. is very unhappy. Japan invades southern French Indochina for rubber. -U.S. institutes an oil embargo (at the time, the U.S. supplied 90% of Japanese oil). Japan wants the Dutch East Indies (aka Indonesia) because it has a lot of oil, but the U.S. fleet is in the way The Bombing of Pearl Harbor (12/7/1941):
Cripple the U.S. Fleet (Navy: Ships)- This was partially successful. It causes a 6 month delay, and the U.S. must undergo a 6 month rebuilding period before the U.S. has enough ships to go to war with Japan. This is controversial because some U.S. Fleets were gone during the bombing, and we know for sure that the Japanese Code was broken and a message regarding Pearl Harbor being bombed was decoded by Americans. We don’t know whether F.D.R. knew about this or not, and allowed the bombing to occur in order to push the American public to go to war and not risk revealing to the Japanese that we had broken their code. Scare the U.S. out of getting into the war.- This backfires dramatically. Instead of intimidating the U.S. out of the war, it encourages them to go to war and the U.S. declares war within 33 minutes. In order to defend against U.S. attack, Japan takes islands throughout the pacific (defensive perimeter around Japan and China)....