Japan Railway System-Adaptation to Natural Disaster

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  • Topic: Japan, Shinkansen, Earthquake
  • Pages : 6 (1779 words )
  • Download(s) : 128
  • Published : March 15, 2013
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Contents
Abstract3
Context4
Disaster and Disaster recover planning5
Disaster5
Disaster recovery planning7
Lessons learnt8
Investments to Recover from Loss9
Who Benefited from Program9
Conclusion10
References11

Abstract

This research paper is about the Japan railway systems that always face the natural disaster and its adaptation in order to survive from the natural disaster and save its passengers from the disaster.

This paper explains about the JR Company, which owns most of the japan railway and how it overcame all the odds and adapted to all the natural disasters which took place in Japan and lead less damage than usual.

JR group installed seismometer in their operation which when comes in contact with the waves, sends an urgent alarm to the electric power transmission system, triggering the emergency brake. This seismometer, on March 11th 2011, sent the alarm and stopped 33 trains including bullet trains which move with 300KM/Hr and saved lives of thousands of people and also prevent the damage to the trains.

Context

The Japan Railway group which is also known as JR group have 7 different companies which looks after most of the Japanese railway system and this process is from April 1, 1987 ("Brief history of," 2009).

This JR group has 9 companies in of which 7 provide railway service and of the other two companies’ one looks after the development and research of the railway system and the other one for IT services. Unlike other companies JR group divided itself in to 7 different companies of which the companies are separated by region and these companies have to look after those regions ("Brief history of," 2009).

This company overall had 18,800km (11,700 miles) by late 1980’s, 25% of which wee double tracked. Now, when the company’s east, central and west companies are in the market and publicly traded, the company itself owns 20,135KM and other companies own the remaining 7,133KM. Japan is the pioneer in starting high-speed bullet trains which links japans largest cities at speeds of up to 300km/h ("Brief history of," 2009).

Japan, though good at technology, it always been effected by natural disasters like earth quake and tsunami’s. This research paper explains how the Japan’s high speed trains and railway system is totally adapted to disasters and overcome all the possibilities of losing its passengers ("Brief history of," 2009).

Disaster and Disaster recover planning

Disaster

This paper is about the earth quake and Tsunami that has devastated effect on Japan railway system on 11th March 2011. The earth quake prevention systems and reinforcement mechanism couldn't, however, protect the railways from dodging any destruction whatsoever. According to Higashi, “only one train, running under test without passengers, derailed that day. Trails were displaced in 2,590 places, and 1,150 electrification poles were damaged, leaning or cracked," said JR East's Higashi in International Railway Magazine (Fischer, 2011). He went on to explain the happenings as "extremely painful", adding that "the 11 March earthquake forced us to cancel, suspend or reduce train operations on most of our 7,512.6km network". But Tokyo's network managed pretty well, and JR East was able to resume business on all its lines on 12 March, with disruptions only caused by electricity scarcities (Fischer, 2011). According to Fukayama "Scheduled shutdowns led to fewer train operations than in the normal circumstances in the Tokyo metropolitan area. Several trains also stopped because of examination and track repairs on the day of the earthquake," he continues". The number of the people who could not go home on that day in the Tokyo metropolitan area was reported as 2.6 million." According to Higashi (2011) , only one train, running under test without passengers, derailed that day, when it was...
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