CRITIQUES OF JANE EYRE
(a) Matthew Arnold – “The writer’s mind is full of nothing but hunger, rebellion and rage.” 1847 (b) Postmodernist critics would say that Jane Eyre is an expression of the writer Charlotte Bronte. (c) Marxist Approach to the novel – socioeconomical conditions of the time the book was written? (d) Lord David Cecil – “a sophisticated Cinderella story” (e) Gilbert and Gubar -“Women in Victorian novels are often presented with some type of anger or madness, which doesn’t accurately represent the writer or the novel.” 1979 (f) Psychoanalytic – Three parts of the psyche, ID (Bertha), Superego (Helen), and Ego (Jane). (g) Angela Carter – “Jane Eyre veers the closest towards trash.” CONTEXT OF JANE EYRE
A few years before the birth of Charlotte Bronte, England underwent a revolution where huge industrial changes brought much prosperity to some and radically altered the lives of others. Despite this new industry creating a rich middle class, the aristocracy was still at the top of the social hierarchy, and at the other end of the scale, extreme poverty. The injustice of a rigid social system kept the desire for social change alive. Women were still second-class citizens and were expected to do what the men expected. At the time, Jane Eyre must have seemed an impressively resolute and independent figure. Charlotte had worked as a governess in her life, and Helen Burns could be based on her sister Maria – an imaginative but true portrait. QUOTES FROM JANE EYRE
“Reader, I married him.” Jane Eyre about Rochester.
“I am glad you are no relation of mine.” Jane Eyre to Mrs Reed. “Do you think because I am poor, obscure, plain and little, I am soulless and heartless? You think wrong! I have as much soul as you, and full as much heart!” Jane Eyre to Rochester. “They are only servants, and one cannot converse with them on terms of equality” Mrs Fairfax to Jane Eyre. “He is not to them what he is to me.” Jane Eyre about Rochester. “I rely implicitly on...
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