James Joyce , Dubliners, Analysis of the Women Characters

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James Augustine Aloysius Joyce (1882 – 1941) was an Irish novelist and poet. He was the eldest son of ten surviving children of Stanislaus Joyce and Mary Jane Murray.He received a strict Catholic education, attending several Jesuit schools in Dublin before studying philosophy and languages at the University College, Dublin. Joyce's childhood was marked by constant moves and persistent financial difficulties. In his early twenties James Joyce emigrated permanently to continental Europe. Despite living overseas for most of his life, Joyce continued to write about his home city, excusing himself with the following comment: "For myself, I always write about Dublin, because if I can get to the heart of Dublin I can get to the heart of all the cities of the world. In the particular is contained the universal."(Ellman, p. 505, citing power, from an old Waterford house (London, n.d.), p. 63-64.) Joyce's fictions, including Dubliners, reviews middle-class Irish Catholic society, questioning marriage, faith, and nationalism. Dubliners is a collection of fifteen short stories which Joyce had finished writing in 1906 but were not published until 1914. By a close reading of relevant stories from Dubliners, “Eveline”, “The Boarding House” and “A Painful Case”, I am going to analyse how James Joyce portrays women characters. These stories are set in the early twentieth century in Dublin. Alcoholism is a major feature of the society and Joyce illustrated this in many of the stories. There are different social classes represented in the stories showing a realistic insight into Ireland in the early twentieth century. In the story “Eveline”, we read about the conflict of Eveline’s life with her abusive father, “...she sometimes felt herself in danger of her father’s violence.” (Joyce, 1993:24), her relationship with Frank who she is hoping to emigrate with, and honouring a promise to her dead mother “...to keep the home together as long as she could.” (Joyce, 1993:25). Eveline is...
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