Jallianwala Bagh Massacre

Topics: Jallianwala Bagh massacre, Indian independence movement, India Pages: 2 (806 words) Published: January 2, 2013
In the Indian history of freedom struggle for independence many great warriors laid down their life. There is a record of every incident. One of the most tragic incident in the history is the Jallianwala Bagh massacre which took place in Amritsar (Punjab). Winston Churchill stated this account as "'The incident in Jallian walaBagh was an extra ordinary event, a monstrous event, an event which stands in a singular and silver stone isolation......" The most heartbreaking incident of the Indian history took place a few months after the end of the First World War. Great atrocities were committed in Punjab during the reign of Sir Michael O'Dwyer, lieutenant who was a Governor of Punjab. Sir Michael had no faith in political reforms and consequently, had no sympathy for the political agitators. He refused Tilak and B.C.Pal to enter the Punjab. The methods adopted by him to raise war loans and to find recruits were very unauthorized and oppressive. When the agitation against the Rowlatt Act started, on 7th April 1919 Sir Michael gave a stern warning to the people of Punjab. Amritsar observed hartal peacefully on 30th March and 6th April. On 10th April 1919 the government passed orders for the deportation of Dr. Satya Pal and Saifuddin Kitchlew and their internment at Dharamsala under the defense of India act. Many people went on demonstration to demand the release of two popular leaders of the Indian Independence Movement. The crowd was fired on by a military picket. The firing set off a chain of violence. As the started sinking in the dark hours of night some protesters set the city on burning fire. Several banks and other government buildings, including the Town Hall and the railway station were attacked. The violence made the British to squeeze indoors as it culminated in the deaths of at least 5 Europeans, including government employees and civilians. On 12th April 1919 General Dyer proclaimed that whoever took charge of the meetings or...
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