Jails And Prison Responses

Topics: Prison, Criminal justice, Corrections Pages: 3 (391 words) Published: June 21, 2015

Jails and Prison Responses
Falecia Alexander
University of Phoenix

Jails and Prison Responses

Write a 200- to 300-word response in which you describe the distinctions between jails and prisons. Address the following in your comparison: Identify the four types of prisons.
Explain the concept of prison as a total institution.
Explain why jails play an important role in the criminal justice system.

After doing a bit of research myself and viewing different sources I have learned a few things about the different types of jails and prisons. Again I thought a jail was a jail. I’ve learned that Inmates are people who are held in an institution such as a prison or jail. They may have committed crimes, been captured in war, or been denied bail, leading to detainment until they can be tried in a court of law. Prisons typically range from minimum to maximum security, and are often designed to house criminals who have committed similar types of offenses. The penal institutions of developed countries usually offer better living conditions and greater inmate safety than those found in undeveloped or authoritarian nations. Though most correctional facilities are intended to incarcerate adult, civilian criminals, prison types exist for military personnel, juveniles, violent psychiatric patients, and political agitators. Five basic prison types exist in the U.S. Other countries feature different methods of categorization. The US Bureau of Prisons is broken into minimum security, low security, medium security, high security, and correctional complexes. Minimum-security institutions are frequently located adjacent to a military base. Prisoners are housed in dorms, and the facility might not even be fenced. Low-security institutions are double-fenced, with more guards per inmate than minimum-security facilities. Prisoners usually live in dorms. Inmates at medium-security prisons in the US are housed in cells; electronic detection systems and a large...
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