Mrs. Anne Petrucci
13 May 2013
Jackie Robinson’s Affect on baseball
Jackie Robison was born on the 31st of January 1919. Jackie was the youngest of five children; Robison was raised in relative poverty by a single mother. He attended John Muir High School and Pasadena Junior College, where he was an excellent athlete and played four sports: football, basketball, track, and baseball. (Conner) He would later be the first African-American to play major league baseball. “Throughout his decade-long career with the Brooklyn Dodgers, he made advancements in the cause of civil rights for black athletes,” (Conner) He also change the game of baseball forever, for all minorities.
After about two years in the army Jackie started playing baseball for the Negro leagues. When Robinson started playing baseball was still segregated. This meant the whites had their own league and the minorities had their own leagues. When general manager Branch Rickey of the Brooklyn Dodgers offered Robinson the chance to break organized baseball's powerful but unwritten color line, the fiery ballplayer not only accepted, he also agreed to Rickey's condition: that he not respond to the abuse he would face. (Foner)
During his first two years with the Dodgers, Robinson kept his word to Rickey and endured astonishing abuse amid national scrutiny without fighting back. His dignified courage in the face of virulent racism--from jeers and insults to bean balls, hate mail, and death threats--commanded the admiration of whites as well as blacks and foreshadowed the tactics that the 1960s civil rights movement would develop into the theory and practice of nonviolence. (Foner) Robinson, however, finally broke his emotional and political silence in 1949, becoming an outspoken and controversial opponent of racial discrimination. He criticized the slow pace of baseball integration and objected to the Jim Crow practices in the southern states where most clubs...
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