In 1947, Jackie Roosevelt Robinson, had broken baseball’s color barrier by becoming the first African-American to play in the major leagues in the 20th century. At a time when segregation still existed in much of the United States, Jackie endured insults, and death threats to become one of the greatest baseball players of all time. Through his boldness and nobility, he helped pave the way for the civil rights movement and brought the American Dream within reach of millions of black Americans. Jackie Robinson, remembered in history as a civil rights activist and the first African-American man in the United States to break the color barrier in Major League Baseball, showed his character and black and whites equality.
Jack Roosevelt Robinson was born on January 31, 1919 in Cairo, Georgia to a family of sharecroppers. The youngest of five children, Robinson was raised in poverty by a single mother. His father, Jerry Robinson, left the family six months after Jackie was born with another woman. After his father left, his mother, Mallie Robinson decided to move the family out to California. Jackie was only six months old at the time. Before they arrived in California, his mother had made arrangements to find other living conditions because her brother’s house would have became overcrowded. They were the only black family on their block and the discrimination they endured only strengthened their bond. Jackie had three older brothers named Edgar, Frank, and Mack Robinson. His older brother Mack, also an outstanding track runner, finished second to Jesse Owens in the 100-meter race in the 1936 Berlin Olympics. Jackie only had one older sister named is Willa Mae Robinson. While Jackie’s mother worked, his sister Willa Mae would take care of him. Jackie went to school with Willa Mae, but too young for enrollment in the school so his mother asked the teacher to allow Willa Mae to leave him in the sandbox in the yard while classes...
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