Lieutenant Colonel John Malcolm Thorpe Fleming "Jack" Churchill, DSO & Bar, MC & Bar (16 September 1906 – 8 March 1996), nicknamed "Fighting Jack Churchill" and "Mad Jack", was an English soldier who fought throughout World War II armed with a longbow, arrows, and a claymore. He once said "any officer who goes into action without his sword is improperly dressed." Born in Hong Kong to English parents and educated at King William's College on the Isle of Man, Churchill graduated from Sandhurst in 1926 and served in Burma with the Manchester Regiment. He left the army in 1936 and worked as a newspaper editor. He used his archery andbagpipe talents to play a small role in the film The Thief of Bagdad. He was of no known relation of the wartime British Prime Minister, Winston Churchill.
Churchill resumed his commission after Poland was invaded. In May 1940, Churchill and his unit, the Manchester Regiment, ambushed a German patrol near L'Epinette, France. Churchill gave the signal to attack by cutting down the enemy Feldwebel (sergeant) with his barbed arrows, becoming the only known British soldier to have felled an enemy with a longbow in the course of the war. He volunteered for theCommandos, unsure of what Commando Duty entailed, but because it sounded dangerous, after fighting at Dunkirk. Churchill was second in command of No. 3 Commando in Operation Archery, a raid on the German garrison at Vågsøy, Norway on December 27, 1941. As the ramps fell on the first landing craft, Churchill leapt forward from his position playing The March of the Cameron Men onbagpipes, threw a grenade, and began running towards the bay. For his actions at Dunkirk and Vågsøy, Churchill received the Military Cross and Bar.
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