10th Literature & Composition (4B)
28 November 2010
Literary Analysis of George Orwell’s “Animal Farm”
“Animal Farm” is a novella by British novelist and essayist George Orwell. George Orwell was the pseudonym of Eric Blair (b. 25 June 1903). He is remembered for his strong anti-totalitarian sentiments which are evident in his writings and his fervent promotion of social justice around the world. “Animal Farm” is seen as one of his literary masterpieces and tells the fable of a farm of animals and their struggle for an egalitarian society through the use of a false neutral and objective narrator. “Animal Farm” shows complex political ambition in its allegorical exposition of the Bolshevik Revolution and its socio-economic effects around the world while also showing a study of human nature that is unparalleled in its accuracy and conviction. There are a myriad of literary devices used in “Animal Farm”, but one device is far more evident in its impact on the novella and its meaning. In George Orwell’s “Animal Farm”, allegory is used to reveal that a perfect, egalitarian society will never be possible with humans due to the inherently human trait of greed.
In “Animal Farm”, allegory is noticeable from the beginning to the end. “Animal Farm” begins with the narrator first telling the reader of Mr. Jones and Manor Farm. Throughout the novella, Mr. Jones and his family are recognized as allegory for Tsar Nicholas II and the Romanov’s respectively. Mr. Jones is the “evil tyrant” that the animals loathe and eventually rebel against. This rebellion is viewed as obvious allegory for the Bolshevik/Russian Revolution of 1917 in which Vladimir Lenin and Leon Trotsky overthrew the oppressive government which was recognized as an autocratic monarchy. The character of Mr. Jones is an allegory for Tsar Nicholas II while the animals of Manor Farm are seen as allegory for the Bolsheviks/Marxists of early 20th century Russia.
The origins of the...