Italy Introduction

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Welcome to Italy
Culture and culture of the Italian Peninsula…
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A Project by: Miodrag Jankovic Intercultural Communication EPHEC

A Project by: Miodrag Jankovic Intercultural Communication EPHEC

Summary
Italian ID Card3
The History4
Geography5
Environment - current issues6
Environment - international agreements6
Natural hazards6
Italian Society & Culture7
The Italian Language7
Italian Family Values7
Architecture7
Design8
Fashion9
Literature9
Science11
Visual Art11
Cusine12
Economy14
Government15
Italian Stereotypes16
Etiquette & Customs in Italy17
Italian Style17
Meeting Etiquette17
Gift Giving Etiquette17
Dining Etiquette18
Business Etiquette and Protocol in Italy19
Relationships & Communication19
Business Meeting Etiquette19
Business Negotiation19
Dress Etiquette20
Business Cards20
Religion21
Catholic Religion in Italy21
Other Christian Religions in Italy21
Let’s Learn Italian22
General Speaking22
At the restaurant23
Sources:24

Italian ID Card

Capital: Rome
Official Language:Italian
Government:Unitary Parliamentary Republic
* President:Giorgio Napolitano
* Prime Minister:Mario Monti

Legislature: Parliament
* Upper House:Senate of the Republic
* Lower House:Chamber Of Deputies

Formation
* Unification:17th March 1861
* Republic:2nd June 1946

Area:301,338 Km2
Population:60.681.514
Density: 201,2/Km2

GDP:$ 2.055 trillion (2010)
Per capita:$ 34,058
Inflation:1,4%
Unemployment:8,4%
Gini (2006):32/100

Currency:Euro (€)
Time Zone:UTC +1
Iso 3166 Code:IT
Calling Code:+39
National Motto:For the Honor of Italy (Per l’onore d’Italia)

THE HISTORY
Italy, united in 1861, has significantly contributed to the political, cultural and social development of the entire Mediterranean region. Many cultures and civilizations have existed there since prehistoric times.

Culturally and linguistically, the origins of Italian history can be traced back to the 9th century BC, when earliest accounts date the presence of Italic tribes in modern central Italy. Linguistically they are divided into Oscans, Umbrians and Latins. Later the Latin culture became dominant, as Rome emerged as the dominant city around 350 BC. Other pre-Roman civilizations include Magna Graecia in Southern Italy and the earlier Etruscan civilization, which flourished between 900 and 150 BC in the Center North, Po Valley, Latium and Campania.

After the Roman Republic and Empire dominated this part of the world for many centuries, came an Italy whose people would make immeasurable contributions. Some of these contributions led to the development of European philosophy, science, and art during the Middle Ages and the Renaissance. Dominated by city-states for much of the medieval and Renaissance period, the Italian peninsula also experienced several foreign dominations. Parts of Italy were annexed to the Spanish, the Austrian and Napoleon's empire, while the Vatican maintained control over the central part of it, before the Italian Peninsula was eventually liberated and unified amidst much struggle in the 19th and 20th centuries.

In the late-19th century and early 20th century, or the new Kingdom of Italy, the country built a colonial empire, colonizing parts of Africa, and countries along the Mediterranean. Italy suffered enormous losses in World War...
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