Italian Renaissance Art

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A.P. European History

The Italian Renaissance was a time of rebirth in which many new ideas arose. People’s ideas of what is most important as well as what is acceptable were changing with new information. Art of the period began to change along with most of the other topics. The artistic ideals that are most evident in the time of the Italian Renaissance include individualism, secularism, and humanism. Individualism can be considered as valuing one person over the whole. Secularism began to occur when the people became less immersed in religion, and became interested with other topics. Humanism was the idea that people should strive to educate themselves in the classics, and much of the time this would involve a return to Greco-roman principles. Different artists such as Raphael, Leonardo Da Vinci and Botticelli showed evidence of these developments in their artworks through many different methods.

Individualism was a very different idea for the artists of the Renaissance. All of the paintings and artworks up to this point had been very much religiously centered. Masaccio’s The Holy Trinity was one of the first examples of individualism being shown in artwork. In this painting, the patrons were incorporated into an interpretation of the father, the son, and the holy ghost. Another artist of the time who showed individualism in their art is Lippi. Lippi’s Madonnas were portraits of the virgin Mary, but they were based on real women and the had much more emotion in their faces. This idea of painting pictures of people with no real religious meaning became popular and this was called portraiture. More and more people were commissioning artists to paint portraits of them, and artists were getting better at accurately portraying people. Leonardo Da Vinci’s The Last Supper is one more example of the way that artists had become familiar with reflecting people’s emotions on their faces. In the painting, he gives each person individually a very detailed emotion...
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