It Was the Strength of the Opposition Forces, Both Liberal and Conservative, Rather Than the Ineptitude and Stubbornness of President Wilson That Led to the Senate Defeat of the Treaty of Versailles.

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In 1918, Wilson drew up his Fourteen Points; he believed Article X, the League of Nations, was the most important. These points were incorporated in an international accord made at the Paris Peace Conference at Versailles. The Treaty of Versailles offered numerous ways to create harmony. Nevertheless, the U.S. neither joined the League of Nations nor signed the treaty. It was not the influence of the opponent forces of the U.S., conservative or liberal, that led to the absolute defeat of the Treaty of Versailles, but rather the political unawareness, incapability, and stubbornness of President Woodrow Wilson. After the war ended, Allied leaders and President Wilson were faced with putting Europe back together the way it was before the war. Certain events led to the Senate’s defeat of the treaty. Wilson was an optimistic progressive, with striking policies for the outlook of Europe. Many of these plans were shut down by other leaders; Wilson still approved the conditions of the Treaty of Versailles because his prime issue, the League of Nations, was still included. Many people of the world did not see the League as a good idea. They wanted and were promised the war to end in a peace and “moralize nationalism”, but the treaty did not reach their expectations (Document B). It planned to prevent effects that were conflicting by using the same things for opposition. It wanted to use force to destroy force, militarism to prevent militarism, et cetera (Document A). Americans recognized that the resolutions projected and allowed by Wilson were condemned to fail. Wilson’s administration questioned the morals included in the treaty. His Food Administrator, Hoover, wrote Wilson a letter expressing his concerns. Hoover believed the public would not stand for the wrongs in the treaty (Document D). Wilson did not agree with Hoover in that of which if the treaty was ratified, then it could be amended to please both sides. The public realized the consequences of Germany’s...
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