Issues That Affect Health Care Delivery

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NURS 6101-23: Policy and Politics in Nursing and Healthcare
March 7th, 2012

Issues that affect health care delivery
When I hear the term “health care industry”, I imagine a system where there is access to diagnosis and care 24 hours a day, seven days a week for all in need, from birth to death. According to Knickman and Kovner (2011), good health care is an essential foundation for being able to function in society and to enjoy life. People view health care quite differently depending on whether they are sick or well or whether they have adequate health insurance or not. The purpose of this paper is to locate an article within the past six months in a newspaper or current journal such as the Wall Street journal and summarize a social, economic, technological, ethical, or legal issue that could, or has affected health care delivery. Identify the issue

Smoking-related illness and mortality is recognized as a social and economical issue that affects a spectrum of the population in the United States. The anti-smoking campaigns and advertisements over the years appeared to have helped some individuals quit smoking such as Steve Panetta who quit smoking after 34 years (Wall Street Journal, 2012). According to the Wall Street Journal article, despite the results from States-funded anti smoking campaigns, hard economic times have resulted in budgets for anti smoking efforts being slashed, and allocated anti smoking funds applied to other efforts. Summarize the positive or negative affect the issue has on delivery of health care services

The negative effect of reduce funding are self evident. According to the Center for Disease Control (CDC), smoking is the number one cause of preventable death in the United States, causing over 443,000 deaths in the United States each year, (CDC, 2011). Progress was made during the last forty years or so in reducing the use of tobacco, but during the last seven years, the reduction has stopped (LA Times, 2010). Based upon history and research data, CDC (2011) strongly supports the use of State funds and State support to combat cigarette smoking. The increase in rate of smoking means that more people would die from preventable causes. How does the issue improve or reduces cost, quality, or access to health care services

According to CDC (2011) smoking is not only the leading cause of preventable deaths, smoking aggravates the seriousness of other pathologies, creating health complications that need additional medical care, and requiring additional expense on the part of individuals and the taxpayers that support State and Federal health systems. Chronic illnesses, especially those that can lead to morbidity, the hours that employee can work and be productive. Therefore, there are additional costs to individuals and to the greater society. These additional costs and reductions in productivity can be avoided if States reinvest in smoking cessation campaigns at levels equal to or higher than in the 21st century. According to CDC (2011) and Werner (2008) smoking not only costs money, it takes off ten to fourteen years from the normal life expectancy of the smoker and those that are exposed to second hand smoke regularly. Potential trade-offs

Controversial Reform Issues discussed by Coyle (2011) contend that, health care reform requires a significant upfront investment, but will save the United States financial expenditure in the long run. Health care is about prevention and cure, and so in the case of smokers, investments in prevention of young people from starting to smoke, and helping older folks o quit, will pay long term dividends. The problem with making the investment is often the reality that the cost of the investment is seen immediately, while the benefits accumulate over long periods. This makes these investments difficult for politicians who are eager to show results while they are in office. In what ways does this issue affect how I do my job?

I work as a Registered...
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