Issues in Sexuality: Scholarly vs. Popular Media: Contraception
There have been multiple studies done on the use of standard contraception methods and emergency contraception methods. Although none of these studies has focused on a certain group, as such the first article covered will be focused on a survey of emergency contraception use by college students, mainly women but men were included in the survey as well, demographics was used to break down the results of the survey. This survey concludes that the use of emergency contraception by college age women has seen a steady increase over the past few years. The second article will cover basic contraception use among American women age 15 to 44. This study will focus on methods used and also the effectiveness of the methods used. With the increase in sexual activity by not only men but women as well there is an increased need for both traditional and emergency contraceptives. The reviewed articles both show that these types of contraception have and will continue to be used by the sexually active population now and in the years to come. Both articles go in depth about how the information was collected and break the data down into categories.
The first article covers a study that was performed at a large university to explore the increase in the use of emergency contraceptive use by college age women. The study hypothesized that use of emergency contraception methods by female college students has seen an increase in consideration and use recent years. The study was conducted to find out if there was any truth to this theory. The study was conducted at a large public university, and included 942 students. It included college students in the age group of approximately 18-24 years of age. The method used to conduct the research was through survey of a specific group. This survey focused on female college students as they are the “prime potential user”1 of emergency contraception methods. The survey was completed in two parts. One part gathered data from the clinic, of which 207 submitted survey data, the other part from the classroom, of which 381 female and 354 male students submitted survey responses. The results of the study found that the consideration and use of emergency contraception has increased. The study found that "just over 58% of college women sampled reported ever considering EC, and just under 47% reported actual use."2 The surveys conducted in the last decade have indicated that most female college students are at least aware that there is a form of emergency contraception available. Of the female students who were surveyed a greater percentage of African American, Hispanic, and Asian women were shown to have used an emergency contraceptive than white women. Also women between the ages of 20 and 21 were more likely to have used some form of emergency contraception. The study also broke down the data collected by the class in which the participants fell, and found that the sophomore class was the predominant user of emergency contraception.
According to the report by Guttmacher there are approximately 62 million women in the United States that are of child bearing age, which the article determines is between the age of 15 and 44 years old. The article also states that "About 43 million of them (70%) are at risk of unintended pregnancy."3 The number of sexually active women in the US is a good percentage of the population; out of this group over 99% of women have used at least one contraception method. Also about 62% of women who are of child bearing age currently use some type of contraception method. Married women account for the largest demographic who use some form of contraception at 77%, while non-married women are only sitting at about 42%. This is mainly due to the fact that married women are more likely to be sexually active than un married women. According to the report non-permanent methods are used by 64% of the women who use...
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