Issues and Ideas in Social Welfare (4 Article Basis)

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In this paper, I will discuss issues and ideas related to social welfare. They are found and outlined in the following articles: “Divided We Stand: Why Inequality Keeps Rising” written by the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD), “The Spirit Level: Why More Equal Societies Almost Always Do Better” written by Richard Wilkinson and Kate Pickett, “The Canadian dream is well within Reach” written by Amelia Karabegovic and Charles Lammam, and “Tackling Inequality Now” written by Sherri Torjman and Ken Battle”. I will also present my view against or for each article that is discussed.

In the first article, “Divided We Stand: Why Inequality Keeps Rising”, we are presented with a negative outlook towards the future of Canada’s society. OECD informs us of a growing division between the rich and the poor that continues to widen, not only in Canada, but in many countries over the world. The OECD (2011) states that in well-off economies, “the richest 10% of the population is about nine times that of the poorest 10%” (p. 2). One of the largest causes of income inequality comes from wages and salaries. Those who are classified as high income earners increase their salaries at a faster rate than those classified as low income earners. A contribution to the increase in income inequality is the technological progression. Workers who are highly skilled benefit with an increase in technology, allowing those with higher education and skill to further their income. Another is the tax and benefit systems. The tax and benefit systems are introduced with tighter rules that do not help or favour the lowest income groups. To solve this inequality issue, OECD suggests that the best thing policy makers need to do is invest in human capital, promote employment, and create policies and tax systems that are supportive.

OECD presents important points and suggestions for policy makers and governments in all countries. Though they may be hard to implement, the...
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