Some conflicts appear to be clear to the international opinion and have a clear right and wrong party in the public’s eyes. Others, such as the Israel-Palestinian conflict are blurry and it is hard to determine with certainty what is ethically correct or who of the involved parties is wrong or right. Because of the multiplicity of the reasons that have caused the conflict as well as the complexity of its consequences, it is not easy to understand the situation today without looking at the roots of the disagreement. We will start looking at the three main reasons why the conflict has started as well as why it has worsened over the decades. As a result of our analysis, we hope to get a better understanding of why the negotiations for a durable resolution have failed until today and why have the tensions increased between the governments but also on an international level between civilians and partisans of both camps.
Nationalism and legitimacy
As soon as a nation is formed, a feeling of belonging appears: sometimes - more often than not- the phenomenon known as nationalism takes place and makes inhabitants feel that their nation is superior to the others. As such, citizens are superior to their neighbor counterparts. Sometimes, this feeling can be positive as it creates a competitive environment for both (or more) nations and forces them to surpass themselves in productivity, reliability and strength. However, when nationalism becomes extreme, it creates tensions that lead to violence. To understand how violence is justified by the two parties, we have to see how the State of Israel was created, under what circumstances and for what reasons. In 1947, the General Assembly of the newly formed United Nations decided that a committee, the United Nations Special Committee on Palestine would visit the country to prepare it for a partition; Jewish as well as Muslims were to have separate states. The original project was to remove the british troops that were stationed there for the creation of autonomous Arab and Jewish states. Already at the time, the arabs boycotted the meetings, showing their disregard for the idea of splitting a land that was theirs by inheritance. The two - Arab and Jewish states - had to be created two months after the evacuation of british troops and not later than on the 1st of October of 1948. When hearing that a Jewish state was going to be created inside of palestine (and despite british forces preventing jewish people from entering palestine until 1949), tensions were created on the Arab side: military operations started and gave birth to a civil war with areas with massive conflicts such as in Jerusalem. After the British forces left Palestine, the “independent state of Israel” was proclaimed in Tel-Aviv on a public ceremony; it was the 15th of May of 1948. This was only the beginning of the modern conflict that we see today. Forces from the Arab league started to march against the newly organized state that managed to defend itself with the help or an army and effective military equipment. During the year 1949, armistices were signed with Lebanon,
Egypt, Syria and Jordan. Now that we have seen the historical start of the State of Israel and its inherent problems and military actions, we have to add in the legitimacy that both parties feel when defending their territory from outside forces. On the one hand, Palestinians (Arabs) claim to have been robbed from their land as they were there first. On the other hand, Israelis (Jewish) claim that this land has been promised to them by God, so, they also feel the legitimacy to inhabit it which leads us to the second factor that made this conflict last for so long: Religion.
Religion and ideology
Beside from the national problems that the two states have, this conflict also has a religious component. We can qualify it as a “modern religious” component as we know that Jerusalem...