Israel Palestine Conflict, an International Relations Research Paper

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  • Topic: Israel, Second Intifada, Proposals for a Palestinian state
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NATIONAL LAW UNIVERSITY, JODHPUR

Subject: International Relations
Israel- Palestine Conflict: History and Solution

Submitted by:
Mitali Agarwaland Pragati K. B
Roll no. 924Roll no. 929
IV semesterIV semester
BPSc LLBBPSc LLB

Submitted to:
Prof. Om Prakash
National Law University, Jodhpur

Abstract
After more than 50 years of war, terrorism, peace negotiation and human suffering, Israel and Palestine remain as far from a peaceful settlement as ever. The entire Middle Eastern region remains a cauldron waiting to reach the boiling point, a potent mixture of religious extremism, (Jewish, Christian and Islamic), mixed with oil and munitions.  This paper is an attempt to trace the history of this age old conflict and analyse the viability of internationally suggested solutions. Owing to their history, going back atleast 5000 years in time, the paper only throws light on the conflict, post 19th century. And this too, only a cursory overview of a timeline, rather than a detailed description. The paper also attempts to find the bones of contention between the two peoples, clearly laying out the issues and problems along with the need to resolve them. Finally, the paper analyses the two mainstream solutions suggested for resolution of this conflict, being the ‘Two-State’ theory and the ‘Bi-National State’ theory. IR theories of Realism and Liberalism are used to broadly analyse these two solutions’ applicability in the particular conflict. The practical difficulties in the existing political diaspora is highlighted to finally decide the viability. The limitations of the paper is that the complex issues involved do not give enough leeway to say decidedly that one solution is the right solution and the other, wrong. Also, though neutral tones have been imbibed throughout the paper, a humanistic tendency of bias towards the Palestinian cause seeps in, albeit subconsciously.

Research Methodology
This is an analytical study of the Israel- Palestinian conflict. Descriptive study of the history and facts leading to the conflict, the timeline of the conflict and finally an analysis of viable solutions is attempted at. The source for the project research, mainly being historical facts, has primarily been secondary source, through books, articles and compendiums by leading authors of the subject area.

Research Questions
1. What are compelling issues of the Israel- Palestine conflict? 2. What is the most viable solution to resolve this conflict?

Contents:

Abstract …………..…………………………………………………………………………..2 Research Methodology ………………………………………………………………………..3 Research questions ……………………………………………………………………………3

Introduction …………………………………………………………………………..………5 The Palestine problem and need for a solution ...……………………………………..............7 * Refugees
* Israeli settlements
* Palestinian terror
* Israeli repression
* Water
* Jerusalem
The ‘Two- State’ Solution ……………………….………..……………………………....15 The ‘Two-State’ Solution: An analysis using IR Theories………..…………………..........18 * Realism
* Liberalism
A ‘Bi-National’ Israel- Palestinian State …………..……………………………………....20 Conclusion ………………………………………………………………………………….25

Bibliography …………………………………………………...……………………………19

Introduction
The Israeli–Palestinian conflict is the ongoing struggle between Israelis and Palestinians that began in the early 20th century. The conflict is wide-ranging, and the term is also used in reference to the earlier phases of the same conflict, between the Zionist yishuv and the Arab population living in Palestine under Ottoman and then British rule. It forms part of the wider Arab–Israeli conflict. The remaining key issues are: mutual recognition, borders, security, water rights, control of Jerusalem, Israeli settlements, Palestinian freedom of movement and finding a resolution to the refugee question. The violence resulting from the conflict has prompted international actions,...
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