Dr. Sonia F. Manlangit
Li, Joon Marie A.
Mañalac, Sharlene R.
Total Land Area
* 20,770/22,072 km2 (153rd)
8,019/8,522 sq mi
* 2% water
445 km2 (172 sq mi) of inland water
Total Land Area Devoted to Agriculture
* Only 20% of the land area is arable. Since 1948, the total area under cultivation has increased from 408,000 acres (1,650 km2) to 1,070,000 acres (4,300 km2). * Agricultural production has expanded 16 times, three times more than population growth.
* 215,000 hectares of land are devoted to field crops
* 156,000 of which are winter crops such as wheat for grain and silage, hay, legumes for seeds, and safflower for oil. * 60,000 hectares are planted with summer crops such as cotton, sunflowers, chickpeas, green peas, beans, corn, groundnuts and watermelon for seeds.
* Most of the 82,400 hectares of wheat are for grain providing a major roughage ingredient in the feed for dairy herds. * Most of this grain is used domestically, mainly for bread. Because winter wheat is largely a non-irrigated crop, the yields are dependent on the amount of rainfall and its distribution throughout the winter months.
* Israel's major citrus product by volume is the traditional Shamouti orange. * The White Grapefruit, originally grown in inland valleys, is increasingly being replaced by the Sunrise variety. * The Sweetie is an additional variety of grapefruit that is gaining in popularity. It is the result of a cross between the grapefruit and the pomelo. d. Fruit and Vegetab;es
* include citrus, avocados, kiwifruit, guavas and mangoes from orchards located on the Mediterranean coastal plain. * Tomatoes, cucumbers, peppers and zucchini are grown commonly throughout the country, whilst melons are grown during winters months in the valleys. * Subtropical areas in the country produce bananas and dates, whilst in the northern hills apples, pears and cherries are grown.
e. Fishing and Aquculture
* Pioneering technology being developed in the Negev desert in the south are seeing fish grown in kibbutzim and artificial lakes. * Commercial fishing has declined significantly due to depletion of fish reserves and the supply of fresh fish in Israel depends almost entirely on aquaculture. * Fish from the Sea of Galilee include silver carp, grass carp, grey mullet, St. Peter’s fish, rock bass, silver perch, and Asian seabass introduced from Australia. * Fish grown in cages submerged in the sea include gilthead seabream (called denisin Israel), European sea bass and a South American variety of meager. Trout and salmon are raised in special canal-like ponds of running water of the Dan River, a tributary of the Jordan River.
Gilthead Sea Bream
* Local cows produce the highest amounts of milk per animal in the world, with an average of 10,208 kilograms (around 10,000 liters) of dairy in 2009, * A total of 1,304 million liters of milk was produced by Israeli cows in 2010. * All of the Israel's milk consumption originates from dairy farms within the country with most herds consisting largely of Israel-Holsteins, a high-yielding, disease-resistant breed. * Furthermore, sheep milk is exported. In terms of poultry which makes up two thirds of meat consumption, 85% originate from moshavim. For Exports
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