Israel Country Report

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Country Report
ISRAEL

Submitted To:
Dr. Sonia F. Manlangit

Submitted By:
Li, Joon Marie A.
Mañalac, Sharlene R.

Total Population
2012 estimate7,941,900 (97th)
2008 census7,412,200
Density347/km2 (34th) 925/sq mi

Total Land Area
* 20,770/22,072 km2 (153rd)
8,019/8,522 sq mi
* 2% water
445 km2 (172 sq mi) of inland water

Total Land Area Devoted to Agriculture
* Only 20% of the land area is arable. Since 1948, the total area under cultivation has increased from 408,000 acres (1,650 km2) to 1,070,000 acres (4,300 km2). * Agricultural production has expanded 16 times, three times more than population growth.

Product
a. Crops
* 215,000 hectares of land are devoted to field crops
* 156,000 of which are winter crops such as wheat for grain and silage, hay, legumes for seeds, and safflower for oil. * 60,000 hectares are planted with summer crops such as cotton, sunflowers, chickpeas, green peas, beans, corn, groundnuts and watermelon for seeds.

SafflowerHaysLegumes

CottonWatermelonSunflower

Green PeasCorn

b. Wheat
* Most of the 82,400 hectares of wheat are for grain providing a major roughage ingredient in the feed for dairy herds. * Most of this grain is used domestically, mainly for bread. Because winter wheat is largely a non-irrigated crop, the yields are dependent on the amount of rainfall and its distribution throughout the winter months.

Wheat

c. Citrus
* Israel's major citrus product by volume is the traditional Shamouti orange. * The White Grapefruit, originally grown in inland valleys, is increasingly being replaced by the Sunrise variety. * The Sweetie is an additional variety of grapefruit that is gaining in popularity. It is the result of a cross between the grapefruit and the pomelo. d. Fruit and Vegetab;es

* include citrus, avocados, kiwifruit, guavas and mangoes from orchards located on the Mediterranean coastal plain.  * Tomatoes, cucumbers, peppers and zucchini are grown commonly throughout the country, whilst melons are grown during winters months in the valleys.  * Subtropical areas in the country produce bananas and dates, whilst in the northern hills apples, pears and cherries are grown.

AvocadoGuavaKiwi fruit

MangoBell peppers

ZucchiniCucumbers

TomatoesApples

BananasCherries

DatesPears

e. Fishing and Aquculture
* Pioneering technology being developed in the Negev desert in the south are seeing fish grown in kibbutzim and artificial lakes. * Commercial fishing has declined significantly due to depletion of fish reserves and the supply of fresh fish in Israel depends almost entirely on aquaculture. * Fish from the Sea of Galilee include silver carp, grass carp, grey mullet, St. Peter’s fish, rock bass, silver perch, and Asian seabass introduced from Australia. * Fish grown in cages submerged in the sea include gilthead seabream (called denisin Israel), European sea bass and a South American variety of meager. Trout and salmon are raised in special canal-like ponds of running water of the Dan River, a tributary of the Jordan River.

Gilthead Sea BreamGrey MulletSilver Carp

Silver Perch

f. Livestock
* Local cows produce the highest amounts of milk per animal in the world, with an average of 10,208 kilograms (around 10,000 liters) of dairy in 2009, * A total of 1,304 million liters of milk was produced by Israeli cows in 2010. * All of the Israel's milk consumption originates from dairy farms within the country with most herds consisting largely of Israel-Holsteins, a high-yielding, disease-resistant breed. * Furthermore, sheep milk is exported. In terms of poultry which makes up two thirds of meat consumption, 85% originate from moshavim. For Exports

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