Islamization of the Philippines

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Bryan Francis P. Rodriguez, Nathalie Gabrielle A. Tatualla
Muslims In The Philippines, Cesar Adib Majul; 56-84.

ISLAMIZATION OF SULU

Tuan Masha’ika Tuhan Maqbalu Karim ul-Makhdu Rajah Baguinda Sharif ul-Hashim Mohadum, Alawi Balpaki

A. Tuan Masha’ika
//Badjaos moving from the Johore area, to Sulu (14th century)

B. Tuhan Maqbalu
- Mentioned in a tombstone found in Bud Dato, the hill of rulers (710 A.H., 1310 C.E.) - Muslim who died far away from his land of origin; a local ruler of some prominence

C. Karim ul-Makhdum
- Full name: Ibrahim al-Akbar Ibn Jamal ud-Din al-Husayni
- Father of Maulana Ibrahim, one of the first successful missionaries in Java (died, 1419 C.E.)

D. Rajah Baguinda
- Menangkabaw honorific term for prince
- Prince from Java

E. Sharif ul-Hashim
- Also known as Abu Bakr
- Introduction of Islam as a form of state religion with its attendant political and social institutions - Responsible for the conversion of the coastal people, and the hill people, the Buranuns, reducing tension between both parties

F. Mohadum, & Alawi Balpaki
- Muslim missionaries
- Alawi Balpaki’s missionary activities ranged from Sulu, Tawi-Tawi, to other parts of Borneo

Summary!

|Time Period |People Involved |Notes | |Last Quarter of the 13th Century |Tuan Masha’ika, Tuhan |Presence of Muslim settlements in Sulu due to missionary activities. | | |Maqbalu | | |Second Half of the 14th Century |Karim ul-Makhdum |Good reception and less hostility from the natives to Islam, with the existence of the | | | |Bud Dato, as well as the social/political rise of Muslim descendants. | |Beginning of the 15th Century |Rajah Baguinda |Visitation of Muslim Malays from Sumatra for political purposes, guaranteeing | | | |preservation of Islam with a Muslim leader. | |Middle of the 15th Century |Sharif ul-Hashim |Establishment of political Muslim institutions, and the rise of organized religious | | | |instruction. | |Beginning of the 16th Century | |Increased contact with Malaysia, politically and commercially. | |Beginning of the 17th Century |Mohadum, Alawi Balpaki |Fortification of Islam through further further missionary activities; formation of | | | |political allaiances with fellow Muslims against Western colonizers, and crusades. |

ISLAMIZATION OF MAGUINDANAO

Sharif Awliya Sharif Muhammad Kabungsuwan [Capt. Esteban Rodriguez de Figueroa Capt. Gabriel de Rivera] Ternatans

A. Sharif Awliya
- In 1460, came, and left Maguindanao, but before having a daughter, Paramisuli - Paramisuli got married to Sharif Maraja from Johore, who went to the area of Slangan along the Pulangi river - Speculated to be the same Sharif Karim ul-Makhdum in Sulu

B. Sharif Muhammad Kabungsuwan
//Manuscript No. IV
- Arrived in Malabang, in 1515, about one generation after Sharif Majara, - Known for his high degree of Islamic consciousness, and rigid attitude towards non-Muslims - One method of conversion to Islam is through political alliances and plural marriages - Accepted as the only one...
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