Islamic Political System

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Inshaal Rehman
April 7, 2013
Period 2
Political/ Economic System of Islam
Religion and politics are one and the same in Islam. They are intertwined. We already know that Islam is a complete system of life and politics is very much a part of our collective life. Just as Islam teaches us how to say Salah, observe Sawm, pay Zakah and undertake Hajj, so it teaches us how to run a state, from a government, elect councilors and members of parliament, make treaties and conduct business and commerce. Bear in mind that Islamic ruling system is not the same as the ruling system we have in the non-islamic countries. The Islamic Political System is based on the following main principles: Sovereignty of Allah, Khilafah of Mankind, Legislation by Shura, Accountibility of government, Independence of judiciary, and Equality before law. Sovereignty means the source of power. In Islam, Allah is the source of all powers and laws. It is Allah who knows what is good and what is bad for His servants. His say is final. All human beings unitedly cannot change His law. The Qu’an says, "As for the thief -male and female, chope off their hands. It is the reward of their own actions and exemplary punishment from Allah. Allah is Mighty, Wise." According to Islam, this order is unchangeable by any parliament or any government which claims itself to be Islamic. There are many more laws in the Qur’an concerning our life and those laws must be put to practice by an Islamic state for the greater good of human beings. Man is the vicegerent, the agent or the representative of Allah swt on earth. Allah is the sovereign and man is His representative. Man should do as Allah commands him to do. But he has a choice to either obey or disobey Allah and, because of this freedom of choice, he will be tested on the Day of Judgment. In the political sense, Khilafah means that human beings should implement the will of Allah on earth as His deputy or agent. As Allah’s agents, human beings will carry out the...
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