ZAKAH : THE THIRD PILLAR OF ISLAM
1. Zakat – Zakah literally means purity and growth.
2. Zakat-ul-Mal – the 2.5% of the money that is paid.
3. Zakat-ul-Fitr – the zakah or purifying dues paid after Ramadan. 4. Nisaab – the minimum extra wealth a person should save over a year in order to pay Zakah.
5. Al Fuqaraa’ – the needy people who have faced recent hardships and may receive zakah.
6. Al Masakeen – the poor people who should receive Zakah. 7. Al Aamiloon Alayha – the Zakah officials
8. Ar Riqaab – slaves and captives
9. Al Ghaarimoon – Zakah given to people to help them pay off large debts they are unable to normally repay.
10. Ibn-us-Sabeel – broke and stranded travelers.
11. Al Jihadu fee
Sabeelillah – struggle for the cause of Allah
12. Al Muallafatu Quboobuhum – friendly non-Muslims who may receive Zakah.
KEY CONTENT SUMMARY:
* Zakah is the purification of our wealth.
* It is one of the five pillars of Islam and therefore must be observed. * The concept makes it clear that all wealth belongs to Allah and that it must be handled responsibly. * A part of responsible management of wealth is paying Zakah. * We are not doing Allah a favour but we are doing ourselves a favour to purify our wealth. * Zakah is paid annually at any time of the year.
* It is paid annually at a fixed set at a fixed percentage or proportion of each individual’s wealth which is usually 2.5%. * Zakah is paid after the basic needs have been paid for. * Prayer is a physical and spiritual form of worship and zakah is the material form of worship. * Zakah helps to keep a healthy society.
* Zakah has specific rules so the givers to not have to be confused. * There are 8 categories of people who should receive zakah.
QUESTIONS & ANSWERS
- the 2.5% of the extra wealth paid by a rich Muslim once every year.
1b)Zakat-ul-Fitr – the purifying dues paid at the end of Ramadan. The minimum amount is one saa’ (2176 gms) of food, grains or d 1c)Nisaab – the minimum extra wealth a person should save over a year in order to pay zakah.
1d)Al Masakeen – [the poor] These people have some income that is not enough for them. They are still very poor and feel
embarrassed to seek help from others.
1e)Al Amiloon Alayha – [the Zakah officials].
A Muslim state, collectors who responsibility is to collect and distributes zakah.
Q2.What is the meaning of zakah in Arabic?
A2. Zakah literally means purity and growth. This means that observing Zakah will purify and bless the wealth and the zakah giver.
Q3. Describe the concept of wealth in Islam.
A3. An important principle of Islam is that everything belongs to Allah including all our money and wealth. Allah gives us money and wealth as a trust to test us on how we will use it. Allah wants us to use the wealth wisely, avoid wasting it and to share it with others.
Q4.When was Zakah prescribed to Muslims?
A4. Zakah was made a required worship during the second year of Al Hijrah.
Q5.Who must pay zakah?
A5. Zakah must be paid by:
a) An adult sane Muslim
b) One who has the Nisab (a set amount of extra money more than what he or she needs) c) And keeps it for at least a houl or a year.
Q6. Who should receive Zakah?
A6. According to the verse in the Quran, eight categories of people should receive the zakah.
a) Al Fuqaraa (The Needy people)
b) Al Masakeen (The poor)
c) Al Aamiloon Alayha (The zakah officials)
d) Al Mu’allafatu Quloobuhum (Friendly non-Muslims) or new Muslims. e) Ar Riqaab (slaves and captives)
f) Al Ghaarimoon (Debtors)
g) Fee Sabeelillah (Jihad, struggle for the cause of Allah) h) Ibn-us-Sabeel (Broke and stranded travellers).
Q7. What is the difference between Faqeer and Miskeen.
Faqeer: A person is considered ‘faqeer’ if he or she...
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