Leadership Experiences of Undergraduate Muslim Student Leaders: An Exploratory Case Study Wardah Guimba Lecturer, College of Education, Mindanao State University, Philippines E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org, email@example.com Che Noraini Hashim Asst. Professor, Institute of Education, International Islamic University Malaysia (IIUM) Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org, email@example.com Suhailah Hussien Asst. Professor, Institute of Education, International Islamic University Malaysia (IIUM) Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org, email@example.com Mohyani Razikin Asst. Professor, Institute of Education, International Islamic University Malaysia (IIUM) Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org, email@example.com Ivie Esteban Senior Lecturer, UCSI University, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org, email@example.com Abstract Islamic institutions of higher learning are keeping abreast in developing their students for future leadership. However, few empirical investigations have been conducted thus giving impetus to this research. The main purpose of this study is to explore the leadership experiences and practices of undergraduate student leaders on their involvement as student government (SG) leaders at two Islamic institutions of higher learning in Marawi City, Philippines. Specifically, the objective of this study is to explore the student leaders’ understanding of the concept of leadership. Using the exploratory case study, the data were collected from small group discussions (SGD) consisting of six student leaders. Based on the results of the SGDs, the student participants viewed that their student government (SG) experiences assisted them in gaining self-confidence, interpersonal skills, communication skills, and civic consciousness. Moreover, the student leaders articulated that leadership could be divided into four constructs of themes, namely, defining leadership, motivating factors, constructing identity, and enhancing skills.
Keywords: Student Leadership, Student Government, Islamic Institutions
European Journal of Social Sciences – Volume 20, Number 1 (2011)
Leadership has been defined in many perspectives. In the Islamic perspective, leadership is defined as a “trust (amaanah) – a psychological contract between a leader and his followers where the former will try his best to guide the latter, and protect and treat them justly” (Beekun and Badawi, 1999: vii). Similarly, Al-Attas and Wan Daud (2007) also defined leadership as a trust (amaanah) from where “responsibility” (taklif) and “accountability” (mas’uliyyah) come from. In addition, Altalib (1991) and Chowdbury (2001) as cited by Aabed (2006, 2006:42) viewed leadership as a “process of inspiring and coaching voluntary followers in an effort to fulfill a clear as well as shared vision.” Leadership, then, entails a strong adherence to principles that are geared towards serving the people. Leadership from the Islamic perspective is a moral activity and a process of communication between the equals directed towards the achievement of a goal. The leaders are primarily distinguished from the followers by their knowledge, their commitment to the Islamic principles and possession of superior moral values (Sa’ari & Borhan, 2007). The Islamic criteria of leadership provide Muslim leaders worldwide with a code of leadership extracted primarily from the Qur’an and the biography of the Prophet Mohammad ( ) and his companions. The Qur’an, Sunnah, and the jurisprudence give a comprehensive code of laws: social, moral, political, administrative, economic, civil, religious, and ethical to guide the Muslim leaders to run Islamic organizations appropriately and effectively (Aabed, 2006). This present study examines the leadership experiences of the undergraduate Muslim student leaders in Marawi City, Philippines....