Islamic Banking and Finance

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INTRODUCTION
1.1Introduction
Islamic banking, a financial innovation, has come to be seen as the most ‘visible’ aspect of Islamization. Notwithstanding its novelty, it has made considerable progress, measured by the rapidity with which it has been adopted in the Muslim (even non-Muslim) countries in a relatively short period of time. However, the progress made by Islamic banking is seen by some Muslim economists as more apparent than real because it is not being run exclusively (or even mostly) on the basis of the Sharicah-favored profit and loss sharing (PLS) principle; rather, the fixed-rate type of financial instruments, which are seen as a ‘deviation’ from the Islamic ideal, have proliferated. It is argued in this paper that there is no warrant whatsoever for this misplaced ‘financial puritanism’, which has obfuscated the subject and its manifestations. The fact of the matter is that, deviation or not, the fixed-rate financial instruments, duly approved by the Sharicah, form an integral part of Islamic banking; and that it would be counterproductive to limit the possibilities of this institution just to the PLS principle. Hence, respecting the preferences of the consumers, Islamic banks should aim to evolve a risk-minimizing ‘mixed’ investment portfolio, containing both the variable and fixed-rate of return types, without any ‘imperfection complex’. Even more important, rather than pursue an ambiguous financial ideal, which cannot be reached, the focus of the future reform. Should be to produce something strikingly original which can win the acknowledgement of the people. To this end. Islamic banking should be informed with an earnest knowledge of the ethical objectives of an Islamic economic system, the truth of which can be established only by the quality of social justice and the primacy it accords to the needs of the underclass in society. If Islamic banking is unmindful of its economic consequences and remains hooked on ‘procedural purity’, it will wither on the vine of public apathy, even its disapproval. 1.2Research Objective

The main objective is to provide an outlet to investors who want Riba –Free returns. •Promoting the concept and ideas of Islamic banking.
Co-coordinating with Islamic banks to resolve common conceptual and operational problems including standardization of operations and application of Islamic Sharia'a. 1.3Hypothesis:
Islamic Banking with comparison of Conventional banking system. •Prohibition of Riba in Islam.
Modes of Financing

1.4Methodology:

The Methodologies used in the research of the said issue are as under:

I.Historical Research
II.Secondary Research
III.Observation Research
IV.Library Research

CHAPTER – 2ISLAMIC BANKING

2.1History of Islamic banking in Pakistan
2.2 Islamic Banking Global Scenario
2.3 What is Islamic banking?
2.4 Objectives of Islamic banking
2.5 Growth of Islamic banking
2.6 Shariah Issues
2.7Basics of Islamic Finance
2.8 Conventional and Islamic banking
2.9 Islamic Banks operating under Conventional Banking system
2.10 Issues and Problems of Islamic banking
2.11 Achievements and failures in Islamizing the Banking System of Pakistan
2.12 Islamic Stock Market

ISLAMIC BANKING

2.1History of Islamic Banking in Pakistan
Steps for Islamization of banking and financial system of Pakistan were started in 1977-78. Pakistan was among the three countries in the world that had been trying to implement interest free banking at comprehensive/national level. But as it was a mammoth task, the switchover plan was implemented in phases. The Islamization measures included the elimination of interest from the operations of specialized financial institutions including HBFC, ICP and NIT in July 1979 and that of the commercial banks during...
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