When studying Islam, it is important to understand the essential elements of the faith, how they are practiced, and the distinctions among the three branches: Shiite Islam, Sunni Islam, and Sufism.
Write a 1- to 2-paragraph response for each of the following directives and note where there are differences among the three branches of Islam.
1. Explain the meaning of the name, Islam.
The name Islam is closely related to the Arabic word salam and the Hebrew word shalom meaning “peace” “purity” and “submission”, literally meaning “surrender” or “submission” to one God, Muslims translation is “Allah”. The name Islam “suggests the inner peace that is gained by surrendering to the divine. The word Islam also connotes the community of all believers, suggesting inclusion in a large family.” (Molloy, 2010 p.430)
2. Explain the basic concepts of Islam.
Islam is the religion that Muslims follow, believing in one God “Allah” in Arabic, who is believed to be omnipotent and omnipresent who created the universe “Muslims believe that divine revelation began just after the creation of the human race, when God spoke to Adam and Eve.” (Molloy, 2010 p.430) Muslims do not carry the same beliefs in Jesus as Christians do although they do not doubt his existence. Muslims believe in the prophet Muhammad who Allah reveiled the divine word to which was later written in the first revelations of the Qur’an. Muslims believe in the division of good and evil and believe in consequences in both. They believe that one must whole heartedly commit to Allah in order to be Muslim.
3. Describe the practices of Islam.
All Muslims must practice the following of the Five Pillars of the religion written in the Qur’an in order to support their faith to Allah. They must recite the creed, which is “There is no God but Allah, and Muhammad is his messenger.” Muslims also must pray five times daily and prior to prayer must cleans and purify the body reciting “before...