When studying Islam, it is important to understand the essential elements of the faith, how they are practiced, and the distinctions among the three branches: Shiite Islam, Sunni Islam, and Sufism.
Write a 1- to 2-paragraph response for each of the following directives and note where there are differences among the three branches of Islam.
1.Explain the meaning of the name, Islam.
The meaning of the name Islam is in literal terms means “surrender” or “submission”. To Muslims this means to completely surrender to Allah. Both Islam and Muslims are derived from the Arabic word "salam," when interpreted means "peace." This suggests that peace is obtained by truly surrendering to Allah.
2.Explain the basic concepts of Islam.
I am not sure if I am reading this question correctly but I think it refers to the five pillars of Islam. The five pillars include the creed, prayer, charity, fasting, and the pilgrimage. The creed basically states that Muslims believe there is no other God other then Allah and that Muhammad was his messenger. Muslims pray five times a day facing toward Mecca and the times for the prayers are announced by a muezzin who calls out from the top of a tower. Each year Muslims are required to give a portion of their money, crops, and livestock to the poor in the name of charity. Fasting is done in conjunction with Ramadan as a way to strengthening ones spiritual bond. Pilgrimage is a religious journey to Mecca that only Muslims are allowed to take and each is expected to take the journey at least once in their lifetime.
3.Describe the practices of Islam.
Islam has many practices that others may see as controlling or harsh but the Muslim community sees the practices as sensible regulations to increase order and happiness. These include: 1. Dietary restrictions forbidding the consumption of pork and wine 2. Prohibition against usury and gambling meaning that interest cannot be...