AP World Elena Quigley
COTE- Middle East 10/10/10
Time constitutes change in the world. Without change, we would be forever stuck in a stagnate form of life, where nothing ever improves. Change plays an important role in history. One thing that has changed throughout history is religion. One region that experienced change in religion is the Middle East. The main religion in the Middle East around 600-1450 C.E. was Islam. Islam began with Muhammad. At the age of forty (in 610 C.E.), Muhammad went up into the mountains near Mecca and into a cave. He prayed for several weeks. “An angel, Gabriel, came to him and conveyed the revelations”. Muhammad was told to tell others about these revelations. Those revelations became the Qur'an, which is the equivalent of the bible for Islamic people. The Qur'an contains the basic beliefs of the Islamic religion, the Five Pillars. The first pillar states that there is no God but Allah. It emphasizes the belief in monotheism. The greatest sin for a Muslim is to put something above Allah. It also stresses the fact that Muhammad was human, mortal, and not to be worshiped. He was merely a way for Allah's will to be expressed. The second pillar of Islam states that prayer must commence five times a day, facing towards Mecca. This prayer ritual symbolizes submission to Allah. The third pillar of Islam commands charity towards all Muslims. Charity among followers of the Islamic faith. The fourth pillar requires fasting during the month of Ramadan. This pillar commemorates Muhammad's time in the mountains. The fifth pillar requires every Muslim to make the hajj, or pilgrimage to Mecca. Mecca is the holiest place for Muslims. Muhammad was the prophet who brought about Islam. It wasn't exactly easy, as change is not instantaneous. In 622, Muhammad was driven out of Mecca. He fled to a neighboring city, Medina. This is where Muhammad gathered his first adherents. The mosque in Medina is the second holiest in the Islamic world....
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