Islam and Judaism

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Faith is the foundation of many religions, Islam and Judaism included. The first of the Five Pillars of Islam, testimony of faith, requires Muslims to say with conviction, "There is no true god but Allah, and Muhammad is the Messenger of Allah." The first half of this testimony states that only Allah is to be worshiped. Muslims take this very seriously and do not consider Muhammad to be Allah or even divine. They simply believe he was the last in a series of prophets. Besides Muhammad, Muslims believe in many of the same prophets as the Jews. (Adam, Noah, Abraham, Moses, David, and Jesus) Similarly, the first commandment states that, "You shall put no other gods before me." Judaism is a monotheistic religion, as is Islam, and they do not believe in the Trinity. Prayer is a way to speak with and learn from God for both Muslims and Jews. Muslims believe that the first mosque, the Kaaba, was built by Abraham and his son Ishmael. Unlike Jews, who had priests offer sacrifices to atone for sin, Muslims believe there are no intermediaries between God and themselves. Before beginning their prayers, Muslim's say, "Allah Akbar" (god is greater than all else). Although works based doctrines do not allow absolute assurance of an ultimate salvation, Muslims claim prayer lets them feel at peace with Allah. Jews are to pray to God and no other. They pray several times a day, but their prayers are broken into three basic groups: Shacharis (morning prayers), Mincha (afternoon prayers), and Ma'ariv (evening prayers). Prayer stems from Abraham, who instituted the morning prayer, Isaac, who instituted the afternoon prayer, and Jacob, who instituted the evening prayer. Prayer is broken up this way because each of these three patriarchs brought a sacrifice to God at that particular time of day. Prayer is a way for Jews to profess their faith to God, to get closer to God, to cleanse their hearts, and to bring peace to the mind. Because God knows everything, Jews and Muslims believe...
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