The word "foreign policy" means a policy pursued by a nation its dealing with other nations designed to achieve national objectives. So the Islamic foreign policy means a policy pursued by the Islamic nation. In Islam, the concept of foreign policy was introduced by Hazrat Muhammad (S.A.W.W) during the establishment of Islamic state in Medina. The basis of the Islamic foreign policy consists of taking the message of Islam to every people and every nation. For Allah say "O Messenger! Proclaim (the Message) which has been sent to you from your Lord. And if you do not, then you have not conveyed his Message." [Al-Ma'idah, 5:67]. Basic Principles:
Basic principles of Islam’s concept of international relations as laid down by the jurists or in other words the fundamental principles of policy which guide the relations of an Islamic state with other countries are: * Promotion of Peace and Security:
As the very word implies, Islam means ‘peace’ and ‘security’. It also means ‘submission’ to Allah and hence salvation. Islam is thus, a religion of peace and, no wonder the basic principle of the Islamic state in its relations with foreign countries is ‘peace with all and war against none’ or in other words, ‘friendship towards all and malice towards none’. Al-Qur’an, the revealed book of Islam, does not allow an aggressive war; it allows to take up arms only as a last resort in self-defence. The Qur’an enjoins upon its followers: “Fight in the way of Allah against those who fight against you, but begin not hostilities. Lo! Allah loveth not aggressors”. (2:190). History of Islam is witness to the fact that Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) and his companions resorted to fight only when they had been wronged, persecuted and even expelled from their homes by the enemies of Islam. The Qur’an mentions this fact when it says: “Sanction is given unto those who fight because they have been wronged; and Allah is indeed Able to give them victory” (22:39). Although Islam, like any other religion or ideology, wants its propagation with the view to bring to its fold as many adherents as possible, but this is achieved through peaceful preaching and not through aggressive means. Thus, the religion of peace does not allow war for its preaching as well. The Qur’an says: “There is no compulsion in religion”…… (2:256). At another place, it exhorts the Prophet of Islam to say to disbelievers”……Unto you your religion, and unto me my religion”. (109:6) * Promotion of Brotherhood and Fraternity:
Islam believes in the brotherhood of human beings and al-Qur’an emphasises common ancestry of man. There is no denial of the fact that all human beings belong to the common stock as they come of the same parents Adam and Eve. The Qur’an brings into focus this fact of common parentage and hence brotherhood in its following verses: (i) O mankind! Be careful of your duty to your Lord Who created you from a single soul and from it created its mate and from them twain hath spread abroad a multitude of men and women……” –––(4:1) (ii) And He it is Who hath produced you from a single being, and (hath given you) a habitation and a repository…… –––(6:98) Since human beings belong to the same human stock and have common ancestry, all of them are like brothers and sisters. Like children of the same parents, they are equal having equal rights and duties to each other. Thus, Islam promotes universal brotherhood and fraternity not only among the individual human beings but also among the peoples and nations. Hence the second fundamental principle of the foreign policy of the Islamic state is to promote brotherhood and fraternity among the nations of the world. Akin to the principle of brotherhood is the principle of equality as the fact of common parentage of all the human beings leads to establish that human beings are not only brothers of each other but also are equal to each other. The Prophet of...
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