The principal ethical teachings within Islam are derived from both the Qur’an and Hadith. These teachings include the belief that there is no God but Allah, that God is the origin of all creation (The first revelation 96:1-5), that man can be forgiven of their sins through prayer (Hadith Bukhari), the belief in the last day (yawm a-Din) and the world to come (al-Akhira), the following of the books of Allah (Kutubu’llah), the belief in His messengers, the belief in fate (al-Qadr), and that the actions of the prophet Muhammad should be followed as best as possible (Qur’an 59:7).
The principal ethical teachings within Islam enable Muslims to differentiate between Halal and Haram. These principal ethical teachings include the rule that all things are Halal unless explicitly forbidden by the Legislator (Allah). This teaching is derived from clear verses in the Qur’an, including “The lawful is what Allah has made lawful in His Book and the unlawful is that which He made unlawful” (19:64). This verse also describes another principal ethical teaching within Islam that declares that only Allah has the right to legislate for man, and nobody is allowed to forbid something that Allah has forbidden. According to the principal ethical teachings within Islam, forbidding Halal and allowing Haram is synonymous with Shirk. The Qur’an strongly condemned the pagans of Arabia for forbidding lawful things like cattle and for their shirk. Principal ethical teachings within Islam associate bad and harmful acts with Haram. The Qur’an describes this teaching declaring Allah is “making lawful for them the good things and making unlawful for them the corrupt things” (7:156-157). It is believed, within the ethical principal teachings of Islam, that in Halal there is a better substitute for Haram. Whenever Islam forbids something, it provides a better substitute to replace it, showing mercy towards its believers.
The principal ethical teachings of Islam declare that whatever...
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