10/17/11 OUTLINE FOR REPORT ON EXP V: CHLORIDE ISE (50 points max.) I. Purpose: Use one or two complete sentences to give a concise statement of the purpose of the experiment. Experimental Parameters: Theoretical Equations: Give the theoretical equations which relate the potential of the ISE/SCE pair to the activity of chloride and the concentration of chloride. What must be true if the latter equation is to be valid? What is the ideal slope of a plot of potential versus the logarithm of the concentration? Standard Additions Method: Give the parameters which correspond to the x and y axes of the standard additions plot and the equation used to obtain the concentration of the unknown from the plot. Be sure to define all symbols used in the equations and parameters, and give their units. Sample Calculations: Include sample calculations with suitable headers for each of the following: Concentration of chloride in the calibration solution. Use data obtained after the addition of 10 mL 0.1 M KCl. (Be sure to use the exact titrator reading for the 10 mL addition.) Slope, intercept, and the equation for the calibration line. (Be sure to use the actual variables, not y and x, in the equation.) The equation for the line must be calculated by the Linear Least Squares (LLS) method (Appendix V). All work for the LLS calculation must be shown in a separate table in the Sample Calculations section. Be sure to plot the data first, so that points below the LOD (and any other obviously stray points) can be eliminated from the calculation. Be sure to indicate which points have been eliminated. Theoretical electrode slope and the relative error of the measured slope from the theoretical value. Concentration of the Cl- unknown in the 250 mL volumetric flask in moles per liter and in ppm chloride using the equation of the calibration line. Wt% Cl- in the solid unknown. Y axis variable for the standard additions plot using data for the 5 mL addition. (Use your observed slope from the...

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