Isamayat O Level Notes

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SAROSH ANSAR

O’Level

Islamiat
Notes

1

Table of Contents
• Preface Passages from the Holy Quran History and Importance of the Holy Quran Arabia Before Islam Biographical Account of the Lifef the Holy Prophet (PBUH) Early Life of the Holy Prophet (PBUH) From Call to Migration Foundation of the Republic of Madina Wars with the Quraish Expulsion of Jews frm Madina Treaty of Hudaybia Unification of Northern Arabia Letters of the Holy Prophet (PBUH) to different Rulers asking them to Embrace Islam Fall of Makkah Section One Section Two Section Three Section Four • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • Chapter 1 Chapter 2 Chapter 3 Chapter 4 Chapter 5 Chapter 6 Chapter 7 Chapter 8 Chapter 9

Chapter 10 Supermacy of Islam in Central and Southern Arabia Chapter 11 Last days of the Holy Prophet (PBUH) Chapter 12 Some Outstanding Qualities of the Holy Prophet (PBUH) Chapter 13 Behavior of the Holy Prophet (PBUH) Towards Others Chapter 14 Government and Society under Muhammad (PBUH) Chapter 15 Relations of the 1st Islamic State of Madina under the Holy Prophet (PBUH) with other States The First Islamic Community of Madina Umm-ul-Momineen

Section Five • 2 Chapter 1

• • • • • •

Umar Salman Rao
Chapter 2 Chapter 3 Chapter 4 Chapter 5 Chapter 6 Chapter 7 Descendents of the Holy Prophet (PBUH) Asharah Mubasharah Scribes of Divine Revelation Muhajirin and Ansar Important Personalities during the Lifetime of the Holy Prophet (PBUH) at Makkah and Madina Imamat and Khilafat in Shi’ite Thought The Four Pious Caliphs Caliphate of Hazrat Abu Bakr Caliphate of Hazrat Umar Farooq Caliphate of Hazrat Usman Caliphate of Hazrat Ali Six Articles of Faith Unity or Oneness of Allah The Angels The Books of Allah Prophet and Prophethood The Day of Judgement Belief in the Divine Preordainment And Divine Decrees Five Pillars of Islam Witness (Shahada) Prayers (Salat) Zakat Fasting (Saum) Hajj (Pilgrimage) Rights of Allah and Men 3

Section Six • • • • Chapter 1 Chapter 2 Chapter 3 Chapter 4

Section Seven • • • • • • Chapter 1 Chapter 2 Chapter 3 Chapter 4 Chapter 5 Chapter 6

Section Eight • • • • • Chapter 1 Chapter 2 Chapter 3 Chapter 4 Chapter 5

Section Nine

Umar Salman Rao
Section Ten Section Eleven Section Twelve Section Thirteen Jihad Women in Islam Rights of Non-Muslims in Islam History and Importance of Ahadis

Section Fourteen Selected Ahadis

4

Umar Salman Rao

Section one

Passages from the Holy Quran
(1) Ayat-ul-Kursi (2:255)

Allah! There is no deity but He (none has the right to be worshipped but He), the Ever living, the One Who sustains and protects all, neither over takes Him slumber nor sleep, To Him belongs all that is in the heavens and all that is in the earth, who is there that could intercede with Him except by His Own permission. He knows all what is in front of them and also what is hidden from them and they cannot comprehend anything of His knowledge except what He wills. His kingdom extends over the heavens and the earth, and He feels no fatigue in guarding them both, and He is the most High and the most Great. (2:255) Explanation: • Allah is One, Absolute and Eternal. No one else shares any of His attributes and Authority with Him. • He is Omnipotent, All Powerful and Supreme, the Mightiest who created this universe comprising of billions of galaxies, stars and planets. Being the Sovereign Lord of the Universe, He administers it single-handedly, without the assistance of anyone else or interference from any quarter. All what is there in the universe belongs to Him alone and to no one else. Allah Almighty is Omniscient. His knowledge in all manifestations and dimensions is absolute, perfect and complete, all-encompassing and all-embracing. He knows the hidden and the manifest, past and present and also what lies ahead, to the minutest possible details. No one has the power to intercede with Allah on someone’s behalf, not even the most powerful of prophets, unless one is permitted by Him...
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