DS 31: Peace is defined as a state of Law or civil government, a state of justice or goodness, a balance or equilibrium of powers. From the definition above, discuss whether Zambia is a peaceful nation or not. Give reasons for your answer.
This paper will discuss weather Zambia is a peaceful nation or not in relation to the definition of peace as a state of law or civil government, a state of justice or goodness, a balance or equilibrium of power. This paper will first define the key terminologies like, peace as defined by different scholars, explain what it means by state of law or civil government, a state of justice or goodness and a balance of power coupled with discussion weather Zambia is a peaceful nation or not in line with the given definition. Zambia is a tropical country landlocked between Botswana, Zimbabwe, Namibia, Malawi, Mozambique, Tanzania, Angola, and the Democratic Republic of Congo. The country, formerly Northern Rhodesia, gained independence from Britain in 1964. Since independence Zambia has not experienced any military war but has experienced violence mainly political and more than half of the population lives in poverty, no access to proper health care, employment, education and a lot of inequalities between the rich and the poor. To this day Zambian’s clam to be at peace, mainly because of lack of war, the peaceful transition of political powers from Kenneth Kaunda to late president Chiluba to late president Mwanawasa then Rupiah Banda and now president Michael Sata. Peace is something which is vastly misinterpreted and misrepresented in today’s world. Everyone has their own perceptions about it. Peace isn’t just a cleaver way of showcasing your imposed superficial friendliness while brewing up violent tendencies from within. Peace is not just lack of wars, it’s about the victory of reality over virtual superiority, the realization that everyone in the world is nothing but equal. It means to give the due share of respect to everyone's opinion and thinking before putting your ideas into action (Galtung, J. 1996). Trostle’ (1992) comprehensively defines peace as, a state of well-being that is characterized by trust, compassion, and justice. In this state, we can be encouraged to explore as well as celebrate our diversity, and search for the good in each other without the concern for personal pain and sacrifice; it provides us a chance to look at ourselves and others as part of the human family, part of one world. Baechler (2002) defines peace as a political condition that ensures justice and social stability through formal and informal institutions, practices and norms. He further adds that, several conditions must be met for peace to be reached and maintained: balance of political power among the various groups within a society, region or most ambitiously, the world; legitimacy for decision makers and implementers of decisions in the eyes of their respective groups, as well as those of external parties, dully supported through transparency and accountability. There must be reliable and trusted institutions for resolving conflicts and mutual understanding of rights, interests, intents and flexibility despite incompatibilities. For many, Peace is a state of harmony characterized by the lack of violence, conflict behaviors and the freedom from fear of violence. Commonly understood as the absence of hostility, peace also suggests the existence of healthy or newly healed interpersonal or international relationships, prosperity in matters of social or economic welfare, the establishment of equality, and a working political order that serves the true interests of all (Galtung, J. 1996). Peace is also defined as a state of law or civil government, a state of justice or goodness, a balance or equilibrium of power. State of Law” implies that the use of public power is predictable on the basis of legal rules. Once this term is uttered, one associates it also with a series of platitudes such as “the...
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