September 5, 2011
IS Selection and Acquisition
Many types of information systems (IS) are used in health care on the administrative and clinical levels and are the backbone of the industry. Information systems include electronic medical record and electronic health records, computerized provider order entry systems, medication administration systems, telemedicine, telehealth, e-prescribing, and personal health records (Wager, Lee, & Glaser, 2009). Stakeholders provide input and often have important roles in the selection and acquisition process. Selecting and acquiring new systems requires planning and teamwork to ensure the most appropriate and effective system for the company is selected and the organization’s goals for the new IS are met. In any organization, the acquisition process must be detailed and thorough to ensure the most appropriate and cost-effective system is chosen. In a large organization, at least one individual from each department effected by the new system should participate in the selection process. Project Steering Committee and Stakeholders
The selection and acquisition process of an IS consists of many steps. The process begins by establishing a project steering committee and appointing a project manager to plan, organize, coordinate, and manage the selection and acquisition process (Wager, 2009). The project manager is often a stakeholder such as a physician or nurse who possesses the abilities necessary to lead the team. Stakeholders are ideal team leaders and team members because of the firsthand clinical knowledge he or she brings to the project (Wager, 2009). The team should include key personnel from each department that will receive or be effected by the new IS to provide perspective and represent each department. The team defines project objectives including expectations, methods the team will use to ensure success, milestones, communication and...