“Is Psychology A Science?”
There seem to be two ways to look at psychology. Some experts and scholars claim that psychology is without question a science. There are also those that argue it is not an exact science, but rather concepts of common sense in a well arranged package. In this essay, I will attempt to argue both sides of the debate and conclude with my own stance on this hotly contested issue.
Psychology can be defined as the scientific study of the human mind and it’s functions, especially those affecting behavior in a given context. And in order to understand the human mind better, psychologists practice scientific method. The same scientific methods that are employed in so called “hard” sciences such as chemistry, physics, and biology. Scientific method includes the properties of theorizing (a coherent group of tested general propositions); hypothesizing (an assumption or concession made for the sake of argument); testing (or experimenting), and replicating (meaning the experiment and results can be repeated by other professionals). Psychologists also must define variables; this is a crucial step in psychological research. Variables are elements that may change over the course of research. The notion of variables goes back to the tables of numbers used by staticians before the introduction of modern psychology.
Others argue that psychology is not a science. Some do not believe that it should be considered a science because we do not know enough about the human mind to accurately to prove or disprove theories and hypotheses. Others have argued that psychology is not a science because early psychologists such as Karl Jung and Sigmund Freud were not scientists. It also depends on the field of psychology. Neuropsychology and other divisions of clinical psychology are not usually denied their status in the scientific realm. But, social psychology has been debated for ages because results can be influenced by such a large number of...
Please join StudyMode to read the full document