Is Homework Beneficial to Student?

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Nowadays, the view of homework has become the topic that people argue about. According to researchers England and Flatley (1985) states, “survey of teachers conducted in 1966 found that 89 of 90 teachers favored homework; another survey in 1989 found that teachers did not strongly believe homework was beneficial”. In this topic, there are some adherents who think that they can encourage students to take the initiative to do their homework, and can train them to have independent study skills. They believe homework is the extension of classroom instruction because homework is a kind of practice. Homework allows students to apply the knowledge they have gained in the classroom. On the other hand, critics think that homework has occupied students’ leisure time, and leaves students no extra time to develop unrestrained. However, critics think homework influences the forming of the students’ individual character. Although the homework in middle and primary schools is heavy for students, it is essential if students are to improve their study skills. Homework that the teacher assigns is mostly written exercises and reading in the textbook, and that lacks homework, experiments, observation, and social investigation. In my opinion, homework is one of the important means of feedback for a teacher's teaching result. It can consolidate the knowledge that students have already studied, train students' creativity, and develop students' intelligence. Moreover, it is very essential to require some homework in the teaching process. Butler (1987) states, “Homework is the time students spend outside the classroom in assigned activities to practice, reinforce or apply newly-acquired skills and knowledge and to learn necessary skills of independent study” (p.17). Most homework assigned by teachers is for practice and preparation purposes because instructional homework may be assigned to help students. Parents often have questions about why homework is assigned, how beneficial it is, and how they may best help their child complete homework. Homework is beneficial to students because it is an extension of teaching materials, and it can promote students’ understanding of knowledge. It is an effective way to increase student personal responsibility and individual accountability, and it leads to increased communications between parents and the schools and encourages parent awareness of student learning. First, homework is beneficial to students because homework is extension of the teaching material and it can promote students’ understanding of knowledge. Homework is the student extension of schoolwork. The Chinese teachers give a lot of new information to students, but do not discuss it in class; sometimes students need to do a large amount of homework to strengthen understanding after class. Therefore, the basic objectives of assigning homework to students are the same as schooling in general that is to increase the knowledge and improve the abilities and skills of the student. Homework enhances and supplements classroom learning, and is usually intended to provide the student with a better education. In addition, homework may be intended to develop students' independence, responsibility, self-motivation, and self-discipline. Homework assignments may be designed to reinforce what students have already learned, prepare them for upcoming or complex or difficult lessons, extend what they know by having them apply it to new situations, or to integrate their abilities by applying many different skills to a single task. Moreover homework is an important component of the learning process but can be easily abused. A meaningful homework assignments helps students to construct knowledge, develop deeper understandings and connections amongst the concepts to which they have been introduced, and provides an opportunity for them to apply the skills they have acquired. It also reflects their attitudes on learning. Homework assignments provide the time and...
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