Is Genetic Engineering Ethical?

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Eng 112-73
February 7, 2009
Is Genetic Engineering on Humans Ethical?
Blackford, Russel. “Genetically Engineered People Autonomy and Moral Virtue.” March 2010, Vol. 29 Issue 1, p82-84. The author comments on the article of Mark Walker which proposes that there is no moral difference between genetic interventions to ensure that children will develop moral virtues. The author expresses his support of Walker's thesis of combinations that could help develop appropriate dispositions of character in accessible and typical human environments. He also mentions the genetic engineering explanation given by Walker on how to achieve such combination, which is through the replacement of strands of DNA within early embryos and the use of pre-implantation genetic diagnosis (PGD). I will use this information in my paper to further my genetic engineering thought process.

Adam B. Lawing
Annotated Bibliography
Dr. R.M. Jones
Eng 112-73
February 7, 2011
Is Genetic Engineering on Humans Ethical?
Fenton, Elizabeth. “Genetic Enhancement-A Threat to Human Life?” January 2008, Vol. 22 Issue 1, p1-7 Genetic enhancement is the modification of the human genome for the purpose of improving capacities or ‘adding in’ desired characteristics. Although this technology is still largely futuristic, debate over the moral issues it raises has been significant. George Annas an author has recently leveled a new attack against genetic enhancement, drawing on human rights as his primary weapon. In this article he argues that Annas’ appeal to human rights ultimately falls flat, and so provides no good reason to object to genetic technology.  Annas’ argument against genetic technology fails to do just this. He shows that his appeal to human rights adds little to the debate over the ethical questions raised by genetic technology. I will use this to help learn more about the human rights part of genetic engineering.

Adam B. Lawing
Annotated Bibliography
Dr. R.M. Jones
Eng 112-73
February 7, 2011
Is Genetic Engineering on Humans Ethical?
Walker, Mark. “In defense of the Genetic Virtue Program.” March 2010, Vol. 29 Issue 1, p90-96. The author offers his response on comments about his article which proposes the Genetic Virtue Program (GVP), which aims to improve the biological aspects of virtue. He mentions several suggestions by authors including the recommendation of Jamie Bronstein on the importance of better socialization. He also points out that some authors believe that his characterization of the scientific issues related to the GVP is unduly optimistic. He further offers a defense on his proposal by citing that it is a proper subset of behavior genetics. I will use this information to relate the GVP into my paper.

Adam B. Lawing
Annotated Bibliography
Dr. R.M. Jones
Eng 112-73
February 7, 2011
Is Genetic Engineering on Humans Ethical?
Ast, Gil. “The Alternative Genome.” April 2005, Vol. 292 Issue 4, p58-65 The article looks at how humans edit genetic information. Through a mechanism called alternative splicing, the information stored in the genes of complex organisms can be edited in a variety of ways, making it possible for a single gene to specify two or more distinct proteins. As scientists compare the human genome to those of other organisms, they are realizing the extent to which alternative splicing accounts for much of the diversity among organisms with relatively similar gene sets. Exon skipping is the most common type of alternative splicing found in mammals. It turns out that a mouse possesses almost the same number of genes as a human. Exons have the potential to create species-specific proteins that could be responsible for diversification between species. Investigators agree that recent findings point toward future therapeutic applications, such as new gene therapy strategies that exploit the splicing mechanism to treat both inherited and acquired disorders. I will use this information to look at how humans edit...
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