Emotional Intelligence : Is is more important than IQ
For decades, a lot of emphasis has been put on certain aspects of intelligence such as logical reasoning, math skills, spatial skills, understanding analogies, verbal skills etc. Researchers were puzzled by the fact that while IQ could predict to a significant degree the academic performance and, to some degree, professional and personal success, there was something missing in the equation. Some of those with fabulous IQ scores were doing poorly in life; one could say that they were wasting their potential by thinking, behaving and communicating in a way that hindered their chances to succeed. One of the major missing parts in the success equation is emotional intelligence, a concept made popular by the groundbreaking book by Daniel Goleman, which is based on years of research by numerous scientists such as Peter Salovey, John Meyer, Howard Gardner, Robert Sternberg and Jack Block, just to name a few. For various reasons and thanks to a wide range of abilities, people with high emotional intelligence tend to be more successful in life than those with lower EIQ even if their classical IQ is average. Emotional Intelligence refers to the ability to sense, understand, value and effectively apply the power and acumen of emotions as a source of human energy, information, trust, creativity and influence (Goleman, 1995 ). The term â€˜Emotional Intelligenceâ€™ was first coined by Peter Salovey of Yale University and John Mayer of the University of New Hampshire in 1990. They described Emotional Intelligence as a form of social intelligence that involves the ability to monitor oneâ€™s own and othersâ€™ feelings and emotions, to discriminate among them, and to use this information to guide oneâ€™s thinking and action ( Salovey and Mayer, 1990 ). Though the concept was given in 1990, yet it become popular with a New York Times best seller â€˜ Emotional Intelligence : Why it can matter more than IQ â€™ in 1995 by Daniel Goleman, a PhD from Harvard University and former editor of â€˜Psychology Todayâ€™. Attributes of Emotional Intelligence Salovey (1990) offered a framework for Emotional Intelligence through the five personal intelligence characteristics. These characteristics are : Self-awareness : Self-awareness means recognizing a feeling as it happens. It is the core stone of Emotional Intelligence. The ability to monitor feelings from moment to moment is crucial to psychological insight and self-understanding. An inability to notice our true feelings leaves us at their mercy. People with greater certainty about their feelings are better pilots of their lives, having a surer sense of how they really feel about personal decisions from whom to marry to what job to take. This is not an easy skill as emotions often appear in disguise. Yet, for all its complexity, self-awareness is the most crucial skill ( Goleman, 1995 ). Self-regulation : Self-regulation means the ability to manage oneâ€™s emotions and impulses. An emotionally self-regulated person can be easily recognized with the following traits â€“ a propensity for reflections and thoughtfulness ; comfort with ambiguity and change ; and integrity and ability to say no to impulsive urges. Self-regulation has been found to be important for success. A study of store managers in a retail chain found that the ability to handle stress predicted net profits, sales per square foot, sales per employee, and per dollar of inventory investment (Lusch & Serpkenci, 1990) . Motivation : Marshalling emotions in the service of a goal is essential for paying attention, for self-motivation and mastery, and for creativity.Emotional self-control â€“ delaying gratification and stifling impulsiveness â€“ underlies accomplishments of every sort. And being able to get into â€œ flow â€ state enables outstanding performance of all kinds. People who have this skill tend to be highly productive and effective in whatever they undertake (...
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