Is Affirmative Action in College Admissions Effective?

Regents of the University of California v. Bakke, Affirmative action, Equal opportunity

Is Affirmative Action in College Admissions Effective?

Introduction/Statement of Problem:
Allan Bakke, a white student, applied to The Medical School of the University of California in both 1973 and 1974, but was denied each time. In his place, minority students with lower GPA's and test scores were admitted due to an affirmative action program with the school. This program set aside 16% of its entering classes for minorities, reducing the admission of eligible white students. Bakke decided on suing The University of California, and in 1977, his case landed in the Supreme Court only to be known as "Regents of the University of California v. Bakke." The judges were split down the middle, four against four, until Justice Powell, the deciding factor, "voted that Bakke must be admitted" to the school (Fullinwider).

Affirmative action is a program that increases the amount of minority students in universities. It is used to increase student's knowledge about other cultures, promote equality, and reduce racism. But is affirmative action actually able to keep its promises?

Summary of Opposing Views
Despite the many efforts of affirmative action, many people believe it simply is not effective. To begin with, affirmative action is aimed at reaching diversity in schools, although merely race does not account for diversity. To have true diversity at a university in order to increase student's knowledge and awareness, more than just racial or ethnic origin should come into place. A "special admissions program, focused solely on ethnic diversity, would hinder rather than further attainment of genuine diversity" (Fullinwider). While achieving diversity, race is only one aspect. Therefore, affirmative action is flawed.

Furthermore, by accepting a minority over a white student with higher grades, affirmative action is making an exception for this person, which is not equality. It is implying that the race is not as capable of achievement. And, "by implying that...
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