Is Affirmation Action Ethical?
Baker College of Allen Park
Is Affirmation Action Ethical?
Nowadays, the confrontational subject of affirmative action is rising and becoming a controversial issue. This study will explore and analyze the controversy over an ethical affirmative action perspective, and examine the social policy behind this basic premise that every individual should receive the same treatment unless there is a morally relevant reason to receive an indifferent treatment. The question of whether or not affirmative action is ethical is one of the most contentious areas of debate that lies on the issue of ethnicity, gender, values, traditions, politics and many more that provides an extra advantage to one group over the another. The issue on affirmative action should be critically examined for it is here that individuals get an important start on their lives and career, any discrimination brought by denied admission is not healthy and illegal to the society for it lessens the minority representations. This study will be of great significance on the investigation of the relationship between moral and political values involving race, gender, social practices and justifications of their social choices. The ethical aspects of the affirmative action principles aim to establish a moral convention by achieving fairness and equality to the entire members of the society, a creation of non-stigmatized workplaces and other institutionalized settings due to their race/ethnicity or gender and to act as the moral basis for affirmative actions in public administration and organizational justice. Discussion
Merit, controversy, anti-discriminatory measures and organizational justice are some of the arguments in affirmative action that need to be examined on its ethical considerations. Today, the rights of minority groups are very sensitive in terms of political correctness. From the legal perspective, affirmative action can help in reducing the adversarial position that minorities will become winners or losers in the race (Serenko, A. 2009). Additionally, the set of guidelines for legal protection does not mean that it will discourage discriminatory behaviors; there are different under-reported reasons to avail of legal remedies for discrimination such as the minority groups fear of retaliation and lesser knowledge on the complexities of the legal system as well as their difficulty in securing evidences and the psychological and financial costs involved. The focus of this study will be the ethical principles governing affirmative action in an attempt to counter the backlash and resentment towards the policies of affirmative action.
Despite the fact that affirmative action has been in existence legally since 1964, the individuals behind its legitimacy were not able to arrive a consensus on its fundamental purpose, legitimacy and the reason for its continuity. In 1990s there was a lot of civil discourse with regards to minorities civil rights that they’ve felt that their moral urgency was ignored on a rationalized tone of affirmative action. The minorities’ perception with affirmative action is not a fair treatment in workplaces and there is always a need to fight a system that does not want to help them. (Serenko, A. 2009)
The opponents of Affirmative action argued that it is no longer needed for it cannot largely correct the problem of employment discrimination. For many white males, their opinion on affirmative action is a threat since they’ve lost a lot of employment opportunities in favor of women and minorities based on race and gender. Due to affirmative action, there is much visible inefficiency in the workplace because the hired and promoted minorities and women do not have the right qualifications and mastery for the job. On the other hand, the proponents of affirmative action asserted that...