History, Period 4
January 7, 1996
Iraq is a country that is on the rise. After being crushed by allied troops for their invasion of Kuwait, they have begun the slow rebuilding process. In this report, I will discuss the basic geographic features of Iraq, and other various important features such as mineral wealth, vegetation, ect.
Iraq's total area is 271,128 square miles (just slightly more than twice the size of Idaho). It's capital, Baghdad, is located at 33.20 north longitude, 44.24 east latitude. It's boundaries are 2,222 miles long. With 906 miles bordering Iran, 83 miles bordering Jordan, 149 miles bordering Kuwait, 502 miles bordering Saudi Arabia, 376 miles bordering Turkey, and a coastline 36 miles long. The terrain in Iraq is mostly broad plains, with reedy marshes in the southeast, mountains along toe borders with Iran and Turkey.
The Climate in Iraq is most desert, with mild to cool winters and dry, hot cloudless summers. The northernmost regions along Iranian and Turkish borders experience cold winters and occasional heavy snows. Iraq has few natural resources, consisting of Crude oil, natural gas, various phosphates, and sulfur. Their maritime (ocean) clams are just the continental shelf on their coastline, and twelve nautical miles beyond that.
Iraq and Iran have just recently restored diplomatic relations in the year 1990, but are still trying to work out written agreements settling their disputes from their eight-year war concerning definite borders, prisoners-of-war, and freedom of navigation and sovereignty over the Shatt-al-Arab waterway. In April of 1991, Iraq officially accepted the UN Security Council's Resolution 687, which states that Iraq accepts the boundaries that were set in it's 1963 agreement with Kuwait, and ending all claims to the Bubiyan and Warbah Islands, and all claims to Kuwait. On June 17, 1992, the UN Security council reaffirmed the finality of the Boundary Demarcation Commission's decisions. Disputes also occur with Syria about water rights on the Euphrates, and a potential dispute with Turkey for the Tigris and Euphrates river.
Iraq has some environmental problems, consisting of air and water pollution, soil degradation (caused by salinization), land erosion, and deserification. Iraq has 12% of it's land still arable, with 1% permanent crops, 9% meadows and pastures, 3% forest and wood land, 4% irrigated farm land, and 75% is used for other various things (housing, ect.)
Iraq does not produce very many industrial products. On the average year, Iraq produces 13,000 metric tons of paper and paperboard, 3,000 metric tons of particle board, 8,000 sawnwood, 207,000 metric tons of phosphate fertilizer, and 409,000 metric tons of nitrogen fertilizer.
Iraq currently has 1,300,000 televisions in use (about 69 per 1,000 people). It also has 3,880,000 radios in use (about 205 per 1,000 people). Iraq has 6 newspaper publications, with a circulation of 650,000 a day (about 34 per 1,000 people). This causes a 1,797 kilograms of newsprint to be consumed per 1,000 people. Iraq has one FM station and 16 AM broadcast stations, and 13 TV stations. Reconstruction of Iraq's telecommunication system began after Desert Storm was over. It includes of many coaxial cables and microwave links, 632,000 telephones (with an operational network), satellite earth stations, 1 INTELSAT satellite and 1 GORIZONT satellite over the Atlantic Ocean, 1 INTELSAT satellite over the Indian Ocean, and 1 ARABSAT in the Intersputnik system. Their country telephone code is 964.
In Iraq, travel can be very shaky. International flight schedules can change without prior notice. The Al-Basrah and Umm Qasar Seaports are closed because of their proximity to the war zone. A railroad connects At-Basrah to Baghdad, but the Syrian segment of the railroad linking Iraq to Turkey and Europe has been closed since 1982....