The Persian Gulf Wars took place in the country of Iraq, located in the Middle East between Iran and Saudi Arabia. It is also bordered by Jordan and Syria to the west, Kuwait to the south, and Turkey to the north. Only thirty-six miles of Iraq’s borders touch the Persian Gulf. During that period, Saddam Hussein was president of the Republic of Iraq, secretary general of the Ba’ath Party, chairman of the Revolutionary Command Council (RCC), and commander in chief of the armed forces. Hussein was known for his ruthlessness and want for total domination over all the nations of the world. His want for power, led to the invasion of Kuwait in 1990. Because of the invasion, the conflict known as the War in Iraq began to send out its tentacles to nations like Kuwait, Iran, and Saudi Arabia. As a result, the United States of America and its allies around the world became involved in the war. How Saddam Hussein came to power.
It all began in 1958; a year after Saddam Hussein had joined the Ba’ath Party, army officers, led by Abdul Karim Qassim overthrew Faisal II, the last king of Iraq. The Baathist
opposed the new government and in 1959, Saddam was involved in the attempted United States-backed plot to assassinate Qassim. Army officers with connection to the Ba'ath Party, overthrew Qassim in 1963, and replaced him with Abdul Salam Arif. In 1968, Saddam Hussein participated in a bloodless revolution led by Ahmad Hassan al-Bakr that removed Abdul Rahman Arif from power. Al-Bakr was named president and Saddam was named his deputy, and deputy chairman of the Baathist Revolutionary Command Council. During the next ten years Saddam was extremely effective, spying on, threatening or killing anyone who might question his cousin al-Bakr decision. At the same time, Saddam was building and expanding his own power by the same bloody processes. In 1979 al-Bakr started to make treaties with Syria, also under Baathist leadership, that would lead to the union between the two countries. Syrian President Hafez al-Assad would become deputy leader in a union, and this would drive Saddam out. Saddam acted to protect his position in power. He forced the sick al-Bakr to resign on July 16, 1979, and formally assumed the presidency. History of the Persian Gulf War
The first thing that he did was kill 20 rivals from the Baath party. Iraq had always been aggressive with its neighbors and Hussein made their aggression even worse. Kuwait had been one of Iraq’s targets for years because of the Kuwait’s oil and their money. People that were part of the Ba’ath Party claimed that the province of Kuwait should have been part of Iraq. No one had ever attacked Kuwait until now. After Hussein became president, his desire for total power of the world began by attacking Iran. They lost the fight and a lot of their money was lost on
troops, food, and repairs so Hussein couldn’t pay back the seventy-five million dollars in loans to the U.S. and other Arab states that were provided to him hoping that he could defeat Iran and stop the expansion of its power. Hussein and his military failed to succeed, and they ended up having to pay back all the loans including the thirty billion dollars that he owed to Kuwait. He decided that the only way he could get money to bring back up Iraq’s economy was from oil. Iraq also had a big disadvantage because the boundary line between Iraq and the Kuwait cut Iraq off from the sea so Iraq couldn’t build a seaport to export goods and oil to countries on the other side of the Persian Gulf. He consulted with Kuwait to see if they could use their seaports inside their country but they rejected his offer. Then he discussed with Kuwait to see if they could forget about the thirty billion dollar loans that he owed them and to see if they could cut off their oil production to half so that more people would buy from Iraq as a result, the country of Iraq would get more money but...