It was started October 1977 and developed into civil resistance. The revolt was not sudden. Though there were many tensions that made this revolt start such as being defeated in the Iran-Iraq war, national debt and the government threatening traditional Islamic values. The Iranian revolt was an uprising against the Shah government that began on January 19th, 1979 in the Iranian capital, Tehran. Ayatollah Khomeini was a Shiite Muslim who wanted to overthrow the Shah government. He was exiled, but he promised to return and form an Islamic government. People rallied to encourage Khomeini and to criticize the Shah government. Khomeini returned to Iran and he replaced the Shah’s government with a theocracy ruled by Islamic religious leaders called Mullahs. Young Khomeini followers, who were mad because America supported the Shah government for a long time, stormed the U.S. embassy in Tehran. They took hostages so that the U.S would know they were serious. America supported the Shah government because Iran was a target for soviet communism and it was the climax of the Cold War. When the revolt ended Iran was an Islamic republic, was much more conservative and it was rapidly modernizing its capitalist economy. The country was not the only thing the revolt affected, the citizens were treated better and a women revolution was started. Internationally the revolt had terrible consequences. There were multiple attempts to spread into neighboring countries, which made regional rivalries worse and raised conditions that led to inter-state war. Some people were inspired by the revolution while others, such as Saddam Hussein, help onto older hatred.
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