One of the mains strengths of IQ testing is the ability to find out if a person has the aptitude to learn. IQ test have also been used to admit people into prestigious organizations and to put children in special education programs. IQ testing also further breaks down peoples strengths in specific areas such as math, music, science and language to name a few. This can be very helpful in guiding a person into a specific field of study. IQ test are used to award grants and scholarships to gifted students in order to get the best and brightest students properly educated. IQ testing also shows what weak areas a person has and helps them to improve upon those weaknesses.
A main weakness of IQ testing is properly designing a test to accurately determine intelligence across a broad spectrum of society. Groups which have done better on IQ test have historically been part of the group designing the IQ test itself. IQ test also can't determine various forms intelligence which are important to society, such as the ability to work well with others or work well with your hands. A big weaknesses in IQ testing is the many different test which are available which can result in a huge disparity in testing scores.
There are many reasons for disparities in groups from different racial, ethnic, religious and socioeconomic groups. The main reason for this disparity is socioeconomic and racial inequality. For instance African Americans on the low end of social scale tend to do far worse on standardized test than do whites on the same low social scale. This leads one to believe that along with the economic burden faced by African Americans, racial inequality has a much larger effect on testing. From my personal experiences conducting military testing in various schools throughout the metro Washington D.C. Area, the differences in the schools and educations system are vast. I have personally witnessed in one seen inner city schools where the library had almost no books...
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