Ippp Concept for Health and Safety of Women in Urban Construction(Building) Sector (2).Pptx

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Introducing health and safety measures targeted to construction ( building) sector workers of Bangladesh with specific focus on health and hygiene issues of women. MDHAP’s iPPP Department
Proposed by-

Date Created: August 2010

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Vulnerability of Construction Workers of Bangladesh to Occupational Hazards •Each year 11,700 workers die in Bangladesh in work-related accidents, another 28,600 die from industrial diseases and 8.9 million suffer work-related injuries. (Source: Bangladesh Decent Work Country Program:ILO 2005)

Industrial and Service Sectors of Bangladesh : Bangladesh Worker Safety Programme survey 2007)

• About 50 per cent of the total workplace deaths in the country take place in the construction sector ( Source: Workplace Deaths in the

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In 2008: - a total of 284 separate incidents resulted in 320 deaths - almost one fifth of the reported deaths (70) took place in Dhaka district – though there were sizeable numbers reported in Chittagong (44), Jessore (20) and Narayangang (15) Gazipur (13), and Commilla (11) - only 20 of the 320 workers who died were woman – 6%. - the construction sector had the highest number of deaths (120) – which was 38% of the total. sector. -the most common causes of deaths was ‘electrocution’ (122) and ‘falls from heights’ (51).

2007 Sector Nos % Nos

2008 % of total

Construction Manufacturing Service Agriculture Total

103 68 51 N/a 222

46% 31% 23% N/a

120 94 91 15 320

38% 30% 29% 5%

District Dhaka Chittagong Jessore Narayanganj Gazipur

2007 38% 15% 1% 8% 5%

2008 20% 13% 6% 3% 4%

(Source: Report published on 17 May 2009 by the Centre for Corporate Accountability’s jointly undertaken by Bangladesh Worker Safety Programme (BWSP) Bangladesh Occupational Safety Health and Environmental Programme (OSHE) and Bangladesh Institute of Labor Studies (BILS). )

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Factors Contributing to Occupational Death, Injuries and Illness Accidents and Injuries - lack of understanding of and adherence to safe working procedures as in ergonomic considerations ( safe limits /guidelines for lifting and other body movements, proper use of tools, use of properly maintained tools) - Nonuse of Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) and Personal Protective Clothing ( PPC) Illness - Lack of access to occupational Health Services - Lack of access to safe drinking water - Lack of access to Sanitary Facilities 10.01.2013 Seite 4

Underlying Constraints to Poor Occupational Health and Safety of Construction Workers • Lack of access to OHS training and education • Lack of organization health and safety policy, structure, and management system • Lack of or poor government policies and enforcement of OHS measures •Lack of awareness among the employers (builders/contractors) of the importance of workplace health and safety • Lack of access to guidance on how to develop and implement OHS standards and improvement plans • Poor safety culture 10.01.2013 Seite 5

Women in the Construction Trade
• In Bangladesh, of the total 49.5 million workforce , 12.5 million ( 25.25%) are women • Construction sector employs ~ 1.5 million (~3.5% of the total ) workforce, of which 6.8% is women. ( Source : Labor Force Survey 2005-06 : ILO) • As Increasing (5-7% per year) number of women enter the construction trade, concerns about their health and safety are growing • There are safety and health issues specific to female construction workers

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OHS Issues Specific to Women Workforce in Construction Sector Hostile Workplace Culture ( marked by the following ) that result in low job satisfaction and psychological and physiological health symptoms and workplace injuries: Issues: •Anti-woman attitudes are widely prevalent in construction sites from their malecounterpart •Sexual harassment in various forms ranging from being stared at, obscene gestures, unwanted sexual remarks to being touched in sexual...
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