"The process of socialisation, the role of the family, kinship, gender, rites of passage and changing rights and responsibilities in the development of the self."
Many of the successes and failures that people experience in areas of life are closely related to the process of socialisation in developing self-identity and satisfying personal needs.
Self-identity has at least three major qualities.
It is learned
It is organized
It is dynamic
In regard to meeting personal needs, Maslow, a psychologist of the describes a hierarchy of needs which is often depicted as a pyramid consisting of five levels. The four lower levels are associated with fulfilling physiological requirements, the need to feel secure and safe, meeting emotional and esteem needs.
The top level is termed self-actualization, which is based on satisfying psychological needs, which are continually shaping our behaviour. In Maslow's theory the basic concept is that the higher needs in this hierarchy only come into focus once all the needs that are lower down in the pyramid are entirely satisfied.
The role of family, kinship, gender, rites of passage and changing rights and responsibilities influence this process and affect the ways that individuals learn to view themselves and their relationships to others. They are extremely significant influences among all social groups and their attributes are universal, common to all social and cultural groups. Despite the huge diversity that exists between many cultures, such as Aboriginal, Italian and middle and upper class Australians that make them unique, there are some features that are similar and common to all.
Within Aboriginal cultures, such as depicted in Yolngu Boy, their community has a complex kinship system which... [continues]
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