Involvement of Federal Governement in Critical Infrastructure Protection and Security

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How much should the government get involved in dictating solutions or regulating industry in terms of critical infrastructure protection and security? I believe the federal government should be very much involved in every aspect of critical infrastructure protection and security because it is critical to our economy and national security. The fact that about 84% of our nation’s critical infrastructures are controlled and owned by the private sector, the government have no choice but to partner with private industries to develop policies, regulations, and standards in accordance with HSPD-7 and NIPP. A good example of a federal government and private industry partnership is within the Petrochemical Industry. The petrochemical industry is one of the three major components that make up the United States Energy Sector critical infrastructure and key resources (CI/KR). According to the American Petroleum Institute (API), our nation’s “domestic petroleum assets are widely distributed, consisting of over 300,000 producing sites, 4,000 offshore platforms, 600 natural gas processing plants, 160,000 miles of liquid pipelines, numerous crude oil and liquefied natural gas (LNG) offloading ports and terminals, 144 refineries, 1,400 finished product terminals, 7,500 bulk stations and 170,000 gasoline retail stations” (API, 2005). The industry produces many products including chemicals, diesel fuel, jet fuel, gasoline, and lubricants which serve as critical elements for making clothes, medicine, plastic, and etc. The petrochemical industry generates approximately $637 billion in revenue annually and employs about a million people (NIPP, n.d.). This is a global industry with complex operations that requires computer technology to control its day-to-day operations and communications. Supervisory control and data acquisition (SCADA) system is the primary technology used within the industry to manage facility equipments and operations. The convergence of SCADA system hardware...
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